Draymond is Warriors’ leader when it comes to blame game

first_img[vemba-video id=”van/sc/2019/06/07/bang_f48a0055-b442-4af8-8c53-4d14bb1e5804″]OAKLAND — Stephen Curry wasn’t surprised when Draymond Green stood up and took the heat again after the Warriors’ loss to the Toronto Raptors in Game 3 of the NBA Finals.“That’s definitely an M.O. of his,” said Curry, when asked about Green blaming himself for the 123-109 loss on Wednesday night.“Honestly, I know even if he didn’t say nothing, just having been around him the last seven, eight years, that he …last_img read more

Pluto and Ceres: Young Dwarf Planets

first_img(Visited 70 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 New Horizons continues to surprise astronomers with evidence of active geology and youth at Pluto. Ditto for Ceres as seen from Dawn.Pluto UpdateEver since the July 2015 flyby of Pluto by the New Horizons spacecraft (7/15/16), planetary scientists have struggled to understand the surprising, unexpected features on the dwarf planet. The final bits of data were received at earth in October 2016. Nature published a series of new papers in November, providing popular media reporters with opportunities to invent eye-catching headlines:Pluto could harbor a subterranean icy ocean (Fox News).The Ocean Beneath Pluto’s Wandering Heart (Astrobiology Magazine).Pluto may sport clouds of poisonous acid and flammable gases (New Scientist).Pluto may have tipped over when Charon tugged at its heart (New Scientist).Pluto’s Wandering Heart Hints at Subsurface Ocean (Mike Wall at Space.com).Pluto ‘has slushy ocean’ below surface (BBC News).Could there be life in Pluto’s ocean? (Phys.org). There’s one in every crowd: a hydrobioscopy imagineer.Pluto’s ‘heart’ may be cold as ice, but it’s in the right place, according to research (Phys.org).Cracked, frozen and tipped over: New clues from Pluto’s past (Science Daily).New analysis adds support for a subsurface ocean on Pluto (Science Daily).The subtitle of that last headline indicates Pluto may not be alone: “Findings suggest other large objects in the Kuiper belt may also have liquid oceans beneath frozen shells.” This was not supposed to be. The bodies at the farthest reaches from the sun were supposed to be the oldest, coldest and deadest. What is this talk about liquid oceans, dynamic atmospheres and tip-overs? Let’s look into the scientific papers where objectivity should trump creative writing. First, the editorial summaries:Alexandra Witze, “Icy heart could be key to Pluto’s strange geology” (Nature, 21 Oct 2016). Following a long tradition, astronomers are calling on the impact card to explain what they didn’t predict. “Sputnik Planitia [the heart-shaped feature] may be a crater punched by a giant meteorite impact, which later filled with ice,” Witze writes. It might have tilted Pluto over, keeping Sputnik Planitia permanently facing away from Charon.Amy C. Barr, “Planetary science: Pluto’s telltale heart” (Nature, 30 Nov 2016). “Four papers published in this issue of Nature show that the heart formed as a result of the interplay of slow deposition of frozen noxious chemicals, bitterly cold winds, cracking icy crusts, cryogenic buried oceans and planetary cartwheels.” Subheading reads, “Studies of a large frost-filled basin on Pluto show that this feature altered the dwarf planet’s spin axis, driving tectonic activity on its surface, and hint at the presence of a subsurface ocean.” Barr says the phenomena at Pluto are not unique; Enceladus, Mars and our Moon “have undergone reorientation due to a loading of material on their crusts.” Pluto’s surface “is smooth and only 10 million years old,” she says; that would be 1/450th the assumed age of Pluto. What happened so recently?Chris Arridge, “Why Pluto may have a large ocean beneath its icy surface” (The Conversation, 17 Nov 2016). A research fellow from Lancaster University, Arridge uses diagrams to show how an impact might have created a slushy ocean under Sputnik Planitia and re-oriented Pluto’s surface. But instead of explaining why this impact hit an improbably small body so recently in the history of the solar system, he distracts attention to speculations about hydrobioscopy. ” Extremophilic organisms are found to thrive wherever there is liquid water,” he tantalizes illogically. “So although the presence of life in these oceans is open for debate, the probability is high enough for us to try to look for it.” It’s doubtful, however, that any mission will return to Pluto in his lifetime, so he cannot be proven wrong. As for probability, he should watch Illustra Media’s new film Origin on that topic.Here are links to the four papers published by Nature.Grundy, Cruikshank et al., “The formation of Charon’s red poles from seasonally cold-trapped volatiles” (Nature, 14 Sept 2016). Tossing around speculations about processes at timescales ranging from centuries to billions of years, these scientists “model the surface thermal environment on Charon and the supply and temporary cold-trapping of material escaping from Pluto, as well as the photolytic processing of this material into more complex and less volatile molecules while cold-trapped.” Some things can happen quickly out there, because Pluto and Charon are exposed to various processes:Our hypothesis requires energetic radiation to process the seasonally cold-trapped CH4 [methane]. It is frozen on Charon’s surface only during the polar winter night, so it must be processed rapidly, on the timescale of a century, and only by radiation impinging on the night side. It need not be fully converted into macromolecular solids such as tholins on such a short timescale, only into molecules that are sufficiently non-volatile to remain on the surface after the pole re-emerges into sunlight and warms back up. Charon’s surface is subject to a variety of energetic radiation sources, including ultraviolet photons, solar wind charged particles, interstellar pickup ions and galactic cosmic raysBertrand and Forget, “Observed glacier and volatile distribution on Pluto from atmosphere–topography processes” (Nature, 19 Sept 2016). This paper reports “ongoing geological activity” with evidence of glaciers on Sputnik Planum (the heart-shaped feature) and movement of nitrogen frosts, “methane and carbon monoxide on Pluto over thousands of years.” But Pluto is supposed to be over four billion years old.Keane, Matsuyama et al., “Reorientation and faulting of Pluto due to volatile loading within Sputnik Planitia” (Nature, 16 Nov 2016). The first sentence reveals the scientists’ surprise: “Pluto is an astoundingly diverse, geologically dynamic world.” At one point, they estimate “it would take approximately 5 million years to grow a 5 km N2 ice cap given Pluto’s present average atmospheric pressure and temperature.” That would be only about one thousandth the assumed age of Pluto.Nimmo, Hamilton et al., “Reorientation of Sputnik Planitia implies a subsurface ocean on Pluto” (Nature, 16 Nov 2016). This team argues that Sputnik Planitia resulted from an impact. How to keep Pluto active? A little imagination can help. “A rigid, conductive shell could be reconciled with putative cryovolcanic surface features by appealing to ocean pressurization caused by progressive thickening of the ice shell.” Given that assumption, oceans might be common. None of this was predicted before the flyby.Hamilton, Stern et al., “The rapid formation of Sputnik Planitia early in Pluto’s history” (Nature, 30 Nov 2016). This team thinks Sputnik is an ice cap, not an impact basin. Ice caps don’t require billions of years. “Over many seasonal cycles of sublimation and deposition, the runaway albedo effect (discussed above and in Methods) will cause a single ice cap to form in at most a few hundred thousand years,” they say. Although they think Charon became tidally locked to Pluto early in its history, in just a million years, how do they account for the activity reported by other teams?Ceres UpdateLatest news reports about Ceres, the second asteroid being explored by the Dawn spacecraft, indicate surprisingly youthful features. (Like Pluto, Ceres is currently classified as a dwarf planet.)Where is the ice on Ceres? (Alicia Chang, Phys.org). Ice should not survive on the airless surface of Ceres, but scientists believe that permanently-shadowed craters could store ice deposits, like at Mercury. If water molecules jump around on the surface, they could land in these cold traps and stay there for billions of years, the story goes. “With every hop there is a chance the molecule is lost to space, but a fraction of them ends up in the cold traps, where they accumulate.” OK, then, but ices are still exposed to cosmic rays and other energetic sources over those billions of years.Ceres: Water ice in eternal polar night (Science Daily). An icy interior was predicted based on density measurements, but not ice on the surface. It would sublimate in short periods of time. That’s why astronomers had to invent the cold-trap hypothesis.Solar System’s biggest asteroid is an ancient ocean world (Alexandra Witze, Nature News). Subsurface oceans are trendy these days (10/14/16). “Asteroids might look dry and barren, but the Solar System’s biggest asteroid — Ceres — is chock full of water, NASA’s Dawn spacecraft has found.” Again, this was not expected. The observations do not require billions of years.Today, the water is either frozen as ice, filling pore spaces deep inside Ceres, or locked inside hydrated minerals at the surface. But billions of years ago, early in Ceres’s history, heat left over from the Solar System’s formation probably kept the asteroid warm inside. This allowed the water to churn and flow, helping to separate Ceres into layers of rock and ice….The discovery adds to a growing awareness of Ceres as an active, wet world that pushes the boundary of what it means to be a planet. Today it sports a 4-kilometre-high ice volcano and bright spots of salt mixed with ice and rock.Water, Water Everywhere on Dwarf Planet Ceres (Calla Cofield, Space.com). Water is ubiquitous on Ceres, close to the surface, and may exist in a subsurface ocean. “The fact that so much water is still present on Ceres ‘confirms predictions that water ice can lie for billions of years within a meter of the surface,’” she writes, but wait: was that really a prediction, or an after-the-fact rationalization? We quoted a scientist on 6/29/16 who said it was “absolutely incredible” to think an ocean could exist under Pluto after billions of years. Just a couple of months ago, scientists were astonished to think that Ceres might have active geology, even erupting geysers (9/10/16). The brightness of surface features was hard to explain last March (3/28/16). In August, they complained about missing craters and inexplicable mountains (8/05/16). It’s disingenuous to turn around now and say that the science “confirms predictions.”Planetary scientists are like Senators. They find which way the data is going, then run in front of it and call themselves the leader. We remember how flabbergasted they were at the first images. Don’t let the moyboys rewrite history.last_img read more

Ohio Poultry Association highlights award winners and looks at proactive measures for avian influenza

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest As always the Ohio Poultry Association Annual Celebration Banquet was an event not to be missed. The 33rd annual banquet featured great food and the chance to recognize award winners.The Ohio Poultry Association’s Golden Feather Award is given to an individual who has distinguished themselves as a champion of poultry, livestock or other agriculture issues. The 2018 Golden FeatherThe 2018 Golden Feather Award from OPA went to Kevin Elder.Award went to Kevin Elder.  As a technician for the Fairfield Soil and Water Conservation District in the late 1970s and early 1980s, Elder helped introduce farmers to no-till practices. He then served as the Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Soil and Water Conservation, Engineering Section administrator and as an agricultural pollution abatement specialist and was instrumental in rewriting Ohio’s agricultural pollution abatement law and developing the state’s manure management program. In addition, he worked with local soil and water conservation districts and USDA agencies to design and inspect the construction of natural resource conservation practices.In 2001, Elder joined the Ohio Department of Agriculture and helped to establish what is now the Division of Livestock Environmental Permitting where he recently retired as the chief and executive director. In this capacity, he oversaw environmental compliance of the state’s largest livestock and poultry farms.The Ohio Poultry Association’s Legacy Award recognizes individuals who are committed to advancingThe Ohio Poultry Association’s Legacy Award went to G.A. Wintzer & Son Co. in Wapakoneta.the mission and values of the state’s egg, chicken and turkey farmers and this year went to G.A. Wintzer & Son Co. in Wapakoneta. The sixth-generation family operation has several family members still actively involved in the business that employs approximately 120 local residents and their fleet of 200 trucks and trailers travel over 2 million miles per year. G.A. Wintzer & Sons Co. services a large amount of laying companies and feed mills throughout all of Ohio and much of Indiana. The company picks up thousands of restaurants and a variety of grocery stores, food processors, butcher shops and small food operations throughout a five state region. Additionally, they collect millions of pounds of raw material per week and recycle that material back into usable products.Terry Wehrkamp of Cooper Farms received the OPA Golden Egg Award for his commitment to advancing the mission and valuesTerry Wehrkamp of Cooper Farms received the OPA Golden Egg Award.of the state’s egg, chicken and turkey farmers. In his current role as Cooper Farms’ director of live production, Wehrkamp oversees the feed production and care of the company’s turkeys, chickens and hogs. He has been a leader on a local, statewide and national level serving on numerous boards for industry and community organizations, including the Ohio Poultry Association, Midwest Poultry Consortium, Animal Agriculture Alliance, National Turkey Federation, Paulding County Farm Bureau, and Paulding County Carnegie Library, among others. In addition, he contributed to the National Poultry Improvement Plan as an Ohio Delegate and member of the General Conference Committee, and was also a member of the Ohio Smart Agriculture Steering Committee.In addition, the migratory bird season is starting to wind down in Ohio but it was still an important topic leading up to the Ohio Poultry Association Annual Banquet. Jenna Gregorich is the Bird Health Program Manager for the Ohio Poultry Association, where she works at implementing the National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP). She provided an update of the program.“We are a little unique because in other states this is usually housed in the Department of Agriculture, but we work closely with the ODA and the USDA to help plan Ohio’s disease response efforts,” Gregorich said.The NPIP was established in the early 1930s to eliminate Salmonella Pullorum Disease, which was a major problem in poultry production resulting in up to 80% mortality in chicks. The bacterium Salmonella pullorum causes disease in young chicks and poults producing white diarrhea, dehydration and high mortality. Recovered birds become lifelong carriers and produce Salmonella pullorum infected eggs, which causes the disease in chicks.Through intensive blood testing and elimination of infected birds, the disease has been eradicated from commercial poultry flocks since the early 1970s. Pockets of infection, however, may remain in backyard flocks and there is potential for the disease to spread from these local isolated flocks into commercial poultry at large. The Ohio Department of Agriculture and Ohio Poultry Association work cooperatively on requiring a negative Pullorum Typhoid test for birds older than 16 weeks of age prior to being entered in a swap, sale or exhibition. Primarily chickens and turkeys are affected though other species such as guinea fowl, parrots, partridges, peafowl, pheasants, quail and sparrows may also become infected.Since the start of the program in the 1930s, the NPIP has expanded to monitor other diseases — including avian influenza — in poultry flocks nationwide in cooperation with industry, state and federal agencies to improve poultry and poultry products throughout the country. Avian influenza is the focus this time of year in particular.“It is good that it is quiet right now. We are in the planning response efforts and not actively fighting a disease. My main focus is avian influenza. It is going on a little bit in other states but Ohio, knock on wood, has been very fortunate,” Gregorich said. “Our producers practice awesome biosecurity and they have really enhanced what they are doing on the farm level to keep disease out. We haven’t had any avian influenza breaks. We’re working on education, training, biosecurity and letting people know what the disease is for not just poultry producers but also consumers.”For Ohio, the risk for avian influenza is highest during waterfowl migration seasons, particularly in late winter and early spring.“Right now is prime time waterfowl migratory season. The prime seasons are in the fall when the birds are heading south and right now when they head back north. We just had meetings with the Ohio Department of Natural Resources and it is just starting to slow down. Hopefully that will soon calm down and summer is our quiet time,” she said. “February and March are really the times of year things will pop up and we have to watch for the signs.”Gregorich and the NPIP have worked extensively with Ohio’s many commercial egg and poultry operations to help with the ramped up biosecurity efforts in recent years, but they also spend time working with Ohio’s smaller flocks.“The commercial producers really know their biosecurity, but there is a different thought process for some of the backyard flocks that we are trying to educate people about,” she said. “We have the NPIP program with 305 participants where we actively go out and test for avian influenza and monitor on an annual basis. We have a new website now for NPIP where you can learn about biosecurity and how to get tested. We answer questions and emails. We do a number of different workshops. Even if you only have five birds, you need to worry about how to keep them healthy and not get problems in your flock.”One of the earliest signs of avian influenza is increased death with up to 100% mortality in many cases. Birds could also show signs of sickness through respiratory symptoms, depression, loss of appetite, drops in egg production, and/or diarrhea.Consistent biosecurity practices are the best way to prevent diseases from entering a flock. The following steps suggested by OPA and NPIP can help keep birds healthy:1. Keep your distance: Isolate your birds from visitors and other birds by setting up a Line of Separation and Perimeter Buffer Area.2. Keep it clean: Prevent germs from spreading by cleaning and disinfecting shoes, tools and equipment. Handle and store feed and water in a way to limit exposure of rodents, insects and wild birds.3. Don’t haul disease home: Clean and disinfect vehicles and cages.4. Don’t borrow disease from your neighbor: Avoid sharing tools and equipment with neighbors.5. Know the warning signs of infectious bird diseases: Watch for early signs to prevent the spread of disease.6. Report sick birds or unexpected deaths to OPA (614-882-6111) or the Ohio Department of Agriculture after hours line at (888-456-3405).last_img read more

Adobe Prepares for a World without Apple’s Blessing

first_imgThe Rise and Rise of Mobile Payment Technology Related Posts Role of Mobile App Analytics In-App Engagement sarah perez Flash 10.1In addition to the AIR for Android announcement, Adobe also debuted the Flash Platform 10.1 beta, now available to developers and content providers worldwide. With Flash, developers can not only build mobile applications for Android, but can build apps that run anywhere: desktops, laptops, netbooks and smartphones. All the major smartphone players (save one) will support Flash, including Android, RIM BlackBerry, Symbian, Palm’s webOS and Windows Mobile. It will now also be available on LiMo devices, an independent and open smartphone platform with a Linux-based operating system at its core. Flash isn’t just about the apps, either. It’s also used for website content display and HD videos, like those found on the popular U.S. TV portal, Hulu. Sling Media, makers of the Slingbox hardware, devices that let you watch live TV playing in one location on a remote receiver, also use Flash as part of their three-screen solution which delivers video to TVs, laptops, and mobile devices. Flash for iPhone: the Workaround Despite all the announcements, which lay solid ground for Adobe’s continued relevance and importance in the ever-changing mobile world, the company has not forgotten about Apple. Although sour grapes could have easily had the company turn their back to the popular iPhone OS platform, Adobe did just the opposite: they made it easy for their developers to build for iPhone too. Using the Packager for iPhone software, announced previously at Adobe MAX 2009, developers can export Flash code as iPhone apps. With these tools, developers can essentially write once and deploy anywhere – as AIR or Flash creations for the desktop or mobile web or as apps for any mobile device including Android or iPhone.Will Apple Cave?Apple’s standoff against Flash has gained more public exposure with the recent announcement of the Apple iPad. Even consumers who don’t pay careful attention to technology news will soon discover the iPad’s shortcomings when iPad-launched websites don’t include streaming video, content doesn’t display as expected and video portals like Hulu are inaccessible. While purists may feel the same as Apple CEO Steve Jobs when it comes to Flash’s expulsion from the iPhone/iPad platform, (notably that it’s “buggy” and will soon be replaced by HTML5, an upcoming standard that can provide streaming video, too), the reality is that the new HTML5-enabled web won’t be built overnight. In the meantime, developers and consumers alike want solutions for the content they expect to access when mobile – that being the web, the whole web, the fully functioning web. It’s here that Adobe intends to deliver. Their goal is to have every platform but Apple supporting native Flash and AIR, while still supporting iPhone through a workaround. Will Apple eventually concede to this power play where everyone supports Flash but them? It’s impossible to tell, but Adobe certainly isn’t afraid to lay the pressure on thick. Why IoT Apps are Eating Device Interfaces What it Takes to Build a Highly Secure FinTech … Today at the Mobile World Congress 2010, Adobe announced several initiatives designed to cement their company’s relevance in a world where Apple, one of the top smartphone players, has banned Adobe software from inclusion on all mobile devices including the iPhone, iPod Touch and the soon-to-launch iPad. Without Adobe’s Flash runtime, thousands of websites don’t work, streaming videos won’t play and a number of online casual games are broken. Apple, of course, is fine with this, having worked around the issue thanks to the 150,000+ iPhone applications that deliver the same functionality…although sometimes for a fee. Adobe, meanwhile, is focusing on the other up-and-coming smartphone platform, Google’s Android OS, with the launch of their “AIR for Android” offering. With this and the newly announced Flash Player 10.1, wannabe mobile developers don’t need to learn specialized code, but can instead leverage their existing development skills to build Flash and AIR-based applications. They can then have those apps run anywhere: PCs, Macs, Linux and mobile…including, surprisingly, the iPhone. AIR for AndroidThe AIR for Android development platform allows designers and developers to use their existing skills in coding for AIR on the desktop to build standalone applications that run on the mobile Android operating system, found on devices like the Droid, the myTouch 3G, and the G1. With AIR, developers can include mobile-specific functionality in their devices including multi-touch, accelerometer input, GPS, screen orientation and gestures.Already, Adobe has several developers on board. A company blog post today shows a selection of some of the first AIR-built Android apps, all games, including iTunes App Store classics like Alchemist, FickleBlox, Gridshock, Chroma Circuit, Red Hood, South Park Avatar Creator and Su (iTunes links). Tags:#Adobe#Apple#mobile#NYT#Trends#web last_img read more

Smoke ConnectFX: The Keyer Nodes

first_imgThe Modular Keyer inside of Action or in ConnectFX does all of this for you. There are presets for each of these keyers that have the nodes added and linked up.  You can then add or delete nodes to get the best result for your individual keying situation.The Modular Keyer is the default keyer inside of Action.  It’s complex enough that it deserves it’s own blog post, so I’ll do no more than introduce it here.  Basically, it allows you to have a mini-schematic for keying inside of your larger ConnectFX setup.Smoke’s Master Keyer Node:Your first stop when you have a chroma key to perform, is the Master Keyer. Its name is appropriate as it contains a very powerful and interactive keyer with more tools to generate a clean key than any of the other keyers. By keying with the Master Keyer, you have tools for color supression, correction, and degrain built inside the node.  There are also Secondary Keyers, called Patches.Once you have your Front/Back/Matte feeding the node, you have a standard color pot for choosing your chroma key color. The Master Keyer has 2 pots so that you can chose slightly different areas, brighter and darker, and then allow you to mix between the 2 to get a good balance for the key overall. Instantly you can see how well the key is working by looking at the matte output (Press F4 twice).Your key probably isn’t perfect and there might still be some issues to work on. Here is where the Master Keyer excels.  By holding ALT and clicking in the viewer, will see a Heads Up Display (HUD) that allow you to adjust the key.  Depending on where you click in the viewer, you will get different option sliders (Matte Overall, Shadow Highlights, Ranges A,B,C,D,E),  These are smart sliders, as the Master Keyer is looking at the pixels underneath and giving you options to fix just those range of pixels. It’s very specific. Adjusting the sliders in context allows you to have real control over the key result.But sometimes you have a real problem key.  This is where the Master Keyer’s Patches come into play. Think of them like secondary keyers, similar to secondary color correction in the Color Warper.  Activate the patch by selecting it in the sampling menu. Then perform a Control+Box Selection in the viewer over a particular area you want to clean.  The Patch will analyse the pixels and assign them as white or black. Obviously it knows from previous selections that if you click to clean up an area that is currently a matte, it will fill in the pixels as white and an area that you want removed, it will make them black.You have 3 patches to work with, so you can easily clean up areas both inside and outside your matte.  The range and softness values for the patches are keyframeable. So if you have an area of you key where the lighting changes, and more shadows are introduced, you can adjust the values to compensate as the scene changes.Once you have the matte looking its best, you can now focus on the edges. Under the Color Menu, You can adjust the luminance and size of the edge. There is also a color wheel to skew the hue to better match into your background colors. For example, if you were keying your subject over red bricks, you would adjust the luma to match the brightness of the bricks and dial in a bit of red to match. This will help make your composite more realistic by blending the edges. You can also use the viewer interactive approach by selecting Blend from the Sampling Menu.The Master Keyer will also do color suppression and remove spill on your image. The color is copied from the initial key selection, but further adjustments can be made in the hue and range. You can choose to turn off the Auto CC as well by deselecting the button.  You would then need to add a Color Curves Node after the Master Keyer Node to suppress the color then.  More than likely, you can just use the internal suppression in this node.The output of the node is selectable. The result matte is always sent through the matte output, but the front can be selected to be the result with the background clip, the color corrected front without the back, or you can feed the matte output through the front. This flexibility gives you the options to add effects nodes downstream in your schematic and composite the key down the line.Keying on the Timeline:Sometimes while editing you need to get the cuts and timing down of your talent in Chroma Key as they pertain to the script or story. You can use the same keying tools from CFX on the timeline via the AXIS effect…with a few differences. If you place your chroma key talent on V2 with the background on V1 you can add an AXIS timeline effect to the chroma key.Inside of AXIS, activate the Keyer and you will see a new UI which combines all of the keyers we have talked about thus far, along with color and matte tools, histograms, and Gmasks. All in once neat and friendly package.  Since all the the keyers are independent, you can test each one and see which one works best for you right in the timeline and you can toggle back and forth.The color blend and spill suppression is available with each keyer as well as matte tools for shrink, erode, blur and invert. The histogram can be used to clamp the high and low values to clean up the key even more.Also, having the Gmask (Garbage Mask) tools at your fingertips makes trimming off bad sections of the scene and highlighting just what you want, can save you time when generating a good key.Once you have your key the way you like, exit AXIS and return to the timeline. Now, if your scenes are all the same, you can copy the AXIS effect to your other clips, adjusting Gmask as needed.  If you want to take this into ConnextFX for some more advanced effects, you can do that as well. Select your layers (Chroma Key & Background) add a CFX and make sure ‘Generate Composite’ is selected. Smoke will then take the effects you have setup already on your timeline and promote them into nodes inside of ConnextFX…with a few issues.The AXIS effect will become an Action node and the keyer inside will be the same keyer from AXIS.  The  keyer in Axis works great in the timeline with 8, 10 and 16 bit clips. But, if you are working with 10 or 16 bit clips then the keyer in Action will become inaccessible (black K).The keyer in Action (promoted from AXIS) only works with 8 bit clips. The default Modular Keyer in Action, if you activated a new Keyer setup, is 16bit. If you have any clips that are 10>16 bit, you need to activate the RGB Lut and convert them to 8 bit. Then the keyer in Action will become active (white K).  The keyer in AXIS used to be the same keyer in Action, but with the changes to the workflow in Smoke 2013, everything in CFX is processed at 16 bit fp.  This is one reason the Modular Keyer is being used as it already worked in 16 bit.  If you are working with all 8 bit clips on your timeline, then everything will be fine when you promote your timeline effect to CFX.Keying is one of the strongest features inside of Smoke. I personally do a lot of green screen work in the promos and commercials I edit. So I have gotten pretty good and pulling a good key even from compressed formats like H.264, DVCPRO HD, and AVC-I.  With better codecs and files like .r3D, and Prores4444 your ability to perform a good looking composite becomes very easy with the keyer tools in Smoke 2013. There are many keying tools inside of Autodesk Smoke 2013. So, how do you know which one to use and when?  We’ll breakdown the keyers so you can better decide which is best for your next project.Autodesk has always been known for their keying tools within their visual effects products.  Simply put, they have some of the best keyers in the business.  There are 7 keyer nodes inside of Smoke (Luma, Channel, HLS, RGB, YUV, RGBCMYL, Master Keyer).  If you want to include the Modular Keyer, which is a separate node-based keying environment, and the Diamond Keyer inside of the Color Warper, then you have 9 color keying tools.  Why so many? Well, Autodesk Flame is celebrating it’s 20th anniversary, and many of these keyers started then and there. Over time, other keyer algorithms have come along, each one a little different and a little better then the ones before. And since every keying situation can be different, sometimes one keyer can perform better and give you a better result then another.[Click on Images for a Larger View]The Smoke base keyers are the Luma, Channel, HLS, RGB, YUV, and RGMCMYL keyers. The Luma Keyer is a luminance based keyer, generating a matte from luminance levels.  The others are all color based keyers where you would select a color in the image to key out. In other words, a chroma key.  Each of these keyers only accept a front image and output a result image which is a hicon matte.The best chroma keyer inside of Smoke, in terms of features and quality, is the Master Keyer. The Master Keyer also accepts a Front, Back and Matte input and outputs a front and matte result. But we will focus on that keyer in a bit.Here is an example of how each of the base keyers treat this image when we do a simple 1 click color selection. Images provided by and available via HollywoodCameraWork.usEach of these chroma keyers (Channel, RGB, YUV, RGBCHML, HLS) has a color pot to select the color on the image you would like to key out.  You then have Tolerance and Softness tools to add/subtract color information to finesse the key result.  You can dial these values using the sliders or by selecting problem areas of the image.  Depending on the quality of your image, the lighting of your blue/green screen, shadows, compression, etc, each of these keyers may give a slightly different result. So often it’s good to try them all to see which one works for your given situation.The Channel Keyer works well when you have a very clean and uniform color channel to key. The other keyers work well when the image has impurities in the chroma key like shadows or creases in the background color.These nodes just give you the basic key, and result a matte. You would then need to add some other nodes like the Color Curves for color suppression on the edges or Edge Matte Nodes to add any shrink or erodes. Perhaps even a 2D Histogram to clamp the matte and clean up some rough areas, or even a Gmask Node to add a garbage mask to isolate a part of the image.  And ultimately, comp the front and result key together in Action or in the Blend & Comp Node with a background.last_img read more

Mertens reaches semifinals on debut at Australian Open

first_img“If you believe in yourself, then anything can happen,” she said. “But of course semis is, ‘Wow.’”She’s the first Belgian since Kim Clijsters in 2012 to reach the semifinals in Australia, and knew she had plenty of support at home.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“Kim, thanks for watching, I knew you sent me a message before the match — don’t be too stressy,” said Mertens, who trains at Clijsters’ academy. “I’m trying to be in your footsteps this week.”The No. 37-ranked Mertens successfully defended her Hobart International title — she decided last year to target that title instead of entering Open qualifying — two weeks ago, and has now won five matches at Melbourne Park. Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa LATEST STORIES Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Read Next Harden’s 28 help Rockets rally for 99-90 win over Heat Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games PLAY LIST 00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC MOST READ Svitolina framed an attempted overhead and hit it over the baseline to give Mertens match point, and the 22-year-old Belgian finished it with a backhand crosscourt winner to advance to her first major semifinal.Mertens was one of the biggest movers on the women’s tour in 2017 as she improved her year-end ranking from 120 to 35 and won her first career title.In the semis, she’ll play either second-seeded Caroline Wozniacki or Carla Suarez Navarro.In other quarterfinals, top-seeded Rafael Nadal was playing No. 6 Marin Cilic and No. 3 Grigor Dimitrov faced Kyle Edmund.In other news, No 32-seeded Mischa Zverev was fined $45,000 for a poor performance in his first-round match against Hyeon Chung, the largest penalty ever assessed to an individual during a major.Zverev was punished under a new rule implemented by the Grand Slam Board in the off-season intended to deter players with pre-existing injuries to start a tournament and retired from their first-round matches.Zverev was trailing Chung 2-6, 1-4 on the first day when he retired. His fine of $45,000 nearly equals his first-round prize money of 60,000 Australian dollars ($47,900).Zverev’s fine was the largest ever assessed to a player for an on-site Grand Slam offense. Other players have been fined larger amounts following a Grand Slam tournament, such as Serena Williams’ $82,500 fine in 2009 for her tirade at a U.S. Open line judge.Italian player Fabio Fognini was fined $96,000 last year after insulting a chair umpire at the U.S. Open, an amount that could be reduced to $48,000 if he doesn’t have any further offences over the next two years.The new rule came in response to a rash of first-round retirements at Wimbledon last year. View comments 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting Mertens dominated against Svitolina, who also entered her first quarterfinal in Australia on a nine-match winning roll after winning the Brisbane International two week ago.Svitolina had won their only previous tour-level match, but had no answers on Rod Laver Arena and later said hip trouble had been bothering her all year.“She played great from the beginning of the year,” Svitolina said. “But, you know, when I give her opportunities to play and to play a good level, then of course she’s going to play. She’s going to go for shots.“Now she’s in semifinal. Now she’s not just a player that’s up and down. She’s quite consistent, and we can see this.”Mertens raced out to a 5-2 in the first set before Svitolina got her only service break. The second set was no contest. Mertens won a 27-point rally while holding serve in the fourth game, then hit a backhand winner into the open corner to break Svitolina in the next game for a 5-0 lead.ADVERTISEMENT Belgium’s Elise Mertens celebrates after defeating Ukraine’s Elina Svitolina in their quarterfinal at the Australian Open tennis championships in Melbourne, Australia, Tuesday, Jan. 23, 2018. (AP Photo/Dita Alangkara)MELBOURNE, Australia — A year after opting out of qualifying for the Australian Open, Elise Mertens has reached the semifinals in her debut at the season-opening Grand Slam.Mertens upset fourth-seeded Elina Svitolina 6-4, 6-0 on Tuesday to extend her winning streak to 10 matches and be the first woman through to the semifinals at Melbourne Park.ADVERTISEMENT NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencerslast_img read more