CDC. Echerichia coli O157:H7 infection associated with drinking raw milkWashington and Oregon, November-Decmeber 2005. MMWR 2007 Mar 2;56(8):165-7 [Full text] See also: Mar 2, 2007 (CIDRAP News) Federal health officials are using an analysis of an Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak that involved 18 cases in December 2005 to remind people of the dangers of drinking unpasteurized milk. FDA news releasehttp://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/NEWS/2007/NEW01576.html Five patients were hospitalized, and four of them had hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a potentially fatal kidney disorder. The hospitalized patients were all children (aged 1 to 13). The FDA statement listed higher numbers, saying the CDC identified 45 outbreaks linked to raw milk or cheese made from raw milk between 1998 and May 2005. Those outbreaks involved 1,007 illnesses, 104 hospitalizations, and 2 deaths. The statement didn’t specify whether this included all pathogens, and FDA officials could not be reached for clarification this afternoon. In a news release yesterday, the Food and Drug Administration said raw milk can be contaminated not only with E coli, but also with Salmonella, Listeria, Campylobacter, and Brucella species. Investigators analyzed the DNA fingerprints of E coli O157:H7 from eight patients and found that seven of them matched one another and also matched isolates from milk samples and environmental samples from the milking-parlor floor, the report says. In addition, there was a dose-response relationship between milk consumption and the risk of illness, with a 37.5% risk for those who drank 3 or more cups daily. By interviewing 43 of 45 families who held shares in the cows, health investigators found 18 cases of E coli infection, 8 of which were laboratory-confirmed, according to the report in today’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Repor (MMWR). The 18 case-patients constituted 13% of the 140 people who reported drinking raw milk from the farm. Raw milk has been banned from interstate commerce since 1987, but it can be sold legally in 27 states. However, “Because raw milk certification has failed to prevent many raw-milk-associated infections in the past, consumers should not assume that certified raw milk is free of pathogens,” the CDC says. The FDA noted that proponents of raw milk claim that it is more nutritious than pasteurized milk and is inherently antimicrobial. “Research has shown that these claims are myths,” the statement said. The MMWR report says 33 outbreaks linked to raw milk, involving E coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Campylobacter, were reported to the CDC from 1988 through 2005. The outbreak was traced to a farm in Cowlitz County, Washington, that ran a cow-share program, in which people bought interests in dairy cows and received raw milk in return, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Raw milk can be sold legally in Washington state under a licensing system, but the farm blamed for the outbreak was not licensed, according to the CDC. Inspectors said they found mud and manure on the floor of the milking area, inadequate handwashing facilities, and improper procedures for cleaning equipment.
England beat Wales 6-2 on the final day of the Senior Home Internationals at Elie and Earlsferry, Scotland, but were unable to dent Ireland’s progress to the title. The Irish team – bronze medallists at the European team championships – became Home Internationals champions for the first time when they defeated Scotland 7-1. It gave them a 100 per cent record of three wins from three matches. England, the defending champions, finished runners-up. They ended the week with a convincing win over Wales, winning the foursomes 2-1 and the singles 4-1. English senior champion Chris Quinn scored her fourth win of the week and was followed by other singles successes from Felicity Christine, Amanda Mayne – who had been two down after 10 – and Caroline Berry. WALES 2 ENGLAND 6 Foursomes Ann Lewis & Vicki Thomas lost to Janet Melville (Sherwood Forest) & Felicity Christine (Banstead Downs) 1 down Olwen Davies & Patricia Fernon lost to Chris Quinn (Hockley) & Caroline Berry (Bromborough) 4/3 Jane Rees & Denise Richards beat Barbara Laird (Sandiway) & Roz Adams (Addington Court Ladies’) 1 up Singles Lewis lost to Quinn 3/2 Rees bt Melville 4/2 Christine Harries lost to Amanda Mayne (Saltford) 1 down Thomas lost to Christine 4/2 Richards lost to Berry 3/2 Final placings Ireland 3pt England 2pt Scotland 1pt Wales 0pt Full details www.lgu.org England women seniors beat Scotland 04 October 2012 England bounced back at the Senior Home Internationals at Elie & Earlsferry yesterday with a 6½-1½ win over the hosts, Scotland. In the day’s other match Ireland beat Wales 5-3 and are the only team going in to the final day with a 100 per cent record. Today they play Scotland, while England play Wales. England, who were beaten by Ireland on the opening day, laid the foundations for their success against Scotland with a 2-1 foursomes win. Then they produced an excellent singles performance, winning four and halving one. They proved particularly strong over the closing stages: of the five singles, three went to the 18th green and the two others ended at the 17th. English senior champion Chris Quinn put England ahead 3-1 with her win in the lead-off singles. Then, Caroline Berry ensured that England could not be beaten by delivering the fourth point. Barbara Laird, who had been four down after eight, battled back to all square after 16 and went on to deliver the necessary half point for the team’s victory. Felicity Christine added her point after a match of two halves. Christine won five holes in a row from the third and was five up after 10. Then her opponent took over the driving seat, winning the 11th, 12th, 14th and 15th to be one down with three to play. Christine held the Scot at bay by halving the last three holes. Roz Adams beat Mary Smith by two holes after leading for the first time at the 17th and also winning the 18th. England scores Foursomes Chris Quinn (Hockley) & Amanda Mayne (Saltford) lost to Lorna Bennett & Fiona de Vries 5/4 Roz Adams (Addington Court Ladies) & Barbara Laird (Sandiway) beat Mary Smith & Anne Ryan 1 up Janet Melville (Sherwood Forest) & Felicity Christine (Banstead Downs) beat Heather Anderson & Alison Bartlett 2 up Singles Quinn beat Bartlett 2/1 Berry beat Bennett 2/1 Christine beat de Vries 1 up Laird halved with Anderson Adams beat Smith 2 up Full details: www.lgu.org England women seniors lose to Ireland 02 October 2012 Defending champions England were beaten 6-2 by Ireland on the opening day of the women’s Senior Home Internationals at Elie and Earlsferry, Scotland. Ireland, the bronze medallists at the European team championship, won all three morning foursomes and captured three of the five singles. Only English senior champion Chris Quinn and former titleholder Caroline Berry won their matches. Chris Quinn scored a notable 4 and 2 win over Irish senior champion Helen Jones, winning five holes to her opponent’s one. Caroline Berry staged a grandstand finish by winning the 15th, 16th, 17th and 18th for a come-from-behind win against Pat Doran. Results Foursomes Chris Quinn (Hockley) & Amanda Mayne (Saltford) lost to Helen Jones & Pat Doran 1 down Janet Melville (Sherwood Forest) & Felicity Christine (Banstead Downs) lost to Sheena McElroy & Carol Wickham 5/4 Caroline Berry (Bromborough) & Roz Adams (Addington Court Ladies’) lost to Suzanne Corcoran & Gertie McMullen 4/2 Singles Quinn beat Jones 4/2 Melville lost to McElroy 4/2 Mayne lost to Wickham 3/2 Barbara Laird (Sandiway) lost to Corcoran 6/4 Berry beat Doran 2 up Image copyright Cal Carson Golf Agency 2 Oct 2012 England women seniors beat Wales