Every Goal, Every Game, Every DayThe final of Euro 2016 is here at last, with hosts France taking on Portugal at the Stade de France.Les Bleus overcame Germany at the semi-final stage, winning 2-0, whilst Portugal beat Wales courtesy of goals from Cristiano Ronaldo and Luis Nani.The hosts are favourites to win the entire competition, and while Portugal have yet to seriously impress during the tournament, they have shown a resilience no other side have.LIVE on talkSPORT: Portugal v France at Euro 2016 – click here for live commentary from the Stade de France in Saint-Denis at 8pm (BST) on July 10, 2016.Confirmed team news:Portugal XI: Rui Patricio, Cedric, Pepe, Fonte, Guerreiro, William Carvalho, Renato Sanches, Adrien Silva, Joao Mario, Nani, RonaldoSubstitutes: Lopes, Bruno Alves, Carvalho, Joao Moutinho, Eder, Vieirinha, Andre Gomes, Rafa, Eliseu, Quaresma, Eduardo, Danilo PereiraFrance XI: Lloris, Sagna, Koscielny, Umtiti, Evra, Matuidi, Pogba, Sissoko, Griezmann, Payet, GiroudSubstitutes: Mandanda, Jallet, Rami, Kante, Cabaye, Gignac, Martial, Schneiderlin, Mangala, Digne, Coman, Costil 1
A group of Bushmen cross a salt pan inNamibia. The Bushmen are part of theKhoisan people, whose DNA links directlyto ancestors living 100,000 years ago.(Image: Chris Johns, National Geographic) DNA in mitochondria, the power producersof the cell, is providing clues to humanmigratory patterns.(Image: National Geographic)Janine ErasmusResearch carried out by the National Geographic Genographic project has revealed that the DNA of a small population of people living in the Karoo region of South Africa can be traced directly back to human ancestors of 100 000 years ago.The Karretjie people of South Africa’s Great Karoo region are so named because they are nomadic and carry all their worldly possessions with them in “karretjies” or donkey carts. They rely largely on seasonal sheep-shearing to earn a living.Yet in spite of their humble circumstances and the fact that they are one of the most marginalised of peoples in South Africa, this particular group of people is of immense scientific interest because they are related to the Khoisan and, uniquely, the DNA that they carry in every cell in their bodies can be traced back for more than 100 000 years.This gives researchers a more accurate glimpse of the movements of the human population at that time, and the ability to track the way that branches of that population split off and moved out into other areas.The Karretjie people are descended from both the Khoekhoen, the aboriginal herders of the Cape, and the San or Bushmen, who were hunters instead of herders. These are the First People, or earliest inhabitants of the region, and scientists have not yet established where they came from before they settled in Southern Africa.South Africa helping to map the movements of humankindThe National Geographic Genographic project was set up to map human migratory patterns going back many thousands of years. The project was launched in April 2005 in partnership with IBM and the Waitt Family Foundation, an organisation that provides funding for projects related to human ancestry. It will run over five years.Using the techniques of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and Y-chromosome DNA analysis, scientists can reconstruct the hereditary lineage of individuals and their families. This is leading to a better understanding of humankind’s migratory history and how the human race spread out from its suggested origins in Africa, embarking on a journey 60 000 years ago to eventually cover the world.The public at large is encouraged to voluntarily contribute samples of their DNA for analysis and inclusion in the database, which will provide valuable information about specific genetic markers of descent. These are variations or natural mutations in DNA that are passed down in families and can be used to track migration and ancestry.Dr Spencer Wells, the director of the project, and a global team of scientists from ten prominent international institutions are in charge of studies in the field in their regions. The ten centres are located in Australia, Brazil, China, France, India, Lebanon, Russia, South Africa, Spain, and the US.Professor Himladevi Soodyall, director of the South African Medical Research Council’s (MRC) Human Genomic Diversity and Disease Research unit, is at the helm of the African section of the Genographic Project. Soodyall received a South African national order in 2005 for her outstanding work in the science of human origins. As a respected academic in the field she was invited to participate in the Genographic Project as the principal investigator for sub-Saharan Africa.Soodyall hopes to address several anthropological and genetic puzzles while working on the project, among them the question of how Indian Ocean trade activity influenced the gene pool in Africa, and the extent to which females have contributed towards shaping the gene pool, using mtDNA.Research at a local levelThe function of the Human Genomic Diversity and Disease Research unit is to integrate regional population history with the process of mapping and modelling human genetic variation.In collaboration with Professor Mike de Jongh of the University of South Africa’s Department of Anthropology and Archaeology, the unit is studying the Karretjie people of Colesberg.“There is still overwhelming evidence from genetic data to support the theory that modern humans evolved in Africa,” said Soodyall. “Our own research has shown that some of the oldest mtDNA lineages and Y-chromosomes haplotypes found in living humans are found in Khoisan populations. Thus, there is stronger evidence from genetic data to claim that the origins of our species lies here in Southern Africa, and not East Africa, as is usually claimed.”Tracing our ancestryThe MRC has found that in recent years genetic ancestry testing using the mtDNA and Y-chromosome techniques has grabbed the interest of South Africans and, says the council, more than 70% of people who call the Human Genomic Diversity and Disease Research unit for information decide to follow their call up with a test.Since February 2006 the unit has been offering ancestry tests to the public and, it says, several hundred people have already been tested. Interested parties can go to branches of the National Health Laboratory Service. The process starts with a 30-minute consultation with the subject; during which the whole procedure is explained.The subject, if still willing, signs a consent form, after which a cheek swab or blood sample is drawn and submitted for testing and comparison with data already held in databases. The process takes no longer than an hour and the subject receives a full explanation of their results. Since 2004, says the unit, over 600 people have been tested.Mitochondrial DNA a powerful tool for identificationMost of the genetic material in a living organism is found in the nucleus. The nucleus contains the chromosomes, which are made up of proteins and DNA. However, mitochondria, the structures in the cell that are responsible for generating power for the body through the burning of energy-rich molecules found in food, also contain a small amount of their own DNA. This is known as mitochondrial DNA or mtDNA and is thought to have a different evolutionary origin to that of nuclear DNA.First sequenced in 1981, the human mitochondrial genome is a small ring of DNA that contains 37 genes. At a very distant stage of human evolution mitochondria were once independent living cells, almost like bacteria, but over millions of years they invaded primitive amoeboid cells and gradually became dependent on their hosts, losing the ability to exist independently.Mitochondrial DNA is passed down from mother to daughter without recombining. Sons receive mtDNA but don’t pass it on. Diseases caused as a result of mtDNA mutation are also passed down exclusively through the maternal line.Nuclear DNA is inherited from both parents and is a wholly individual characteristic because genes are rearranged through the process of genetic recombination, which takes place during cell division, resulting in the formation of sperm and egg cells.No such change occurs when mtDNA is passed from parent to child. This feature allows mtDNA to be used as a tool to track ancestry through the female line, going back hundreds of generations. It can also be used in forensics to identify human remains or to exclude matches between missing persons and unidentified remains. Because mtDNA remains the same across a span of many maternal generations it is better suited for the identification of older remains.The mtDNA technique was used to identify the woman known as Mitochondrial Eve, the most recent common ancestor through the mitochondrial pathway that connects mother to daughter. She lived about 140 000 years ago in East Africa and while she was not the only woman living at the time, she is the woman whose mitochondrial DNA is found today in every human alive.Y-chromosomal Adam is her male counterpart, a man who lived about 60 000 years ago in Africa. Traces of his DNA are today found in the Y-chromosomes of all living men.Useful linksNational Geographic Genographic ProjectMRC Human Genome projectWaitt Family FoundationNational Health Laboratory Services
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The number of jobs with an emphasis in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) is expected to grow significantly over the next ten years, according to the National Science and Math Initiative. To help K-12 educators enhance their STEM curriculum, the America’s Farmers Grow Rural Education program, sponsored by the Monsanto Fund, will once again provide farmers with the opportunity to nominate their Ohio public schools for opportunities to receive $10,000 and $25,000 grants.Former grant-winning schools, such as Early County Elementary School in Blakely, Georgia, indicate the program stimulates school budgets for STEM education, as well as students’ level of interest in science and math.In 2016, Early County Elementary School used the $10,000 grant they received from the Grow Rural Education program to expand the school’s science curriculum by building a hoop house, allowing students to apply classroom lessons about the ecosystem and plant lifecycles to the fruits and vegetables they harvest.“The Grow Rural Education grant has had an impact throughout our entire school district. After our elementary school students harvest their crops, we provide the food to our high school culinary arts program,” said Early County Elementary School teacher Tim Spooner. “This allows high school students to learn their craft and then give a portion of that food to our area’s most needy residents.”In 2017, the Grow Rural Education program will award approximately $2.3 million to deserving schools. Since the program began in 2011, it has awarded more than $11 million to schools in rural communities across the United States.To qualify for a Grow Rural Education grant, farmers in eligible counties must nominate an eligible rural public school district to compete for a merit-based grant of either $10,000 or $25,000. Farmers can nominate their school district from January 1 to April 1, 2017.After the school district receives a nomination, the Monsanto Fund will notify the district and encourage administrators and teachers to design a grant that enhances STEM education in their district.Nominated school districts have until April 15, 2017, to submit a grant application describing their project. An advisory council composed of farmer leaders then reviews finalist applications and selects the winning school districts.“The Grow Rural Education program provides farmers with a way to give back and sets students up for success in their local communities,” said Al Mitchell, Monsanto Fund president. “We have heard from many school districts that the projects they implement excite their students and, in many instances, have resulted in improved test scores.”To nominate a local school district for one of the Grow Rural Education grants, as well as a complete list of program rules and eligibility information, farmers can go to GrowRuralEducation.com. Additionally, more information about the program can be found at facebook.com/AmericasFarmers.
Portland Trail Blazers guard Damian Lillard, center, shoots as Los Angeles Lakers forward Kyle Kuzma (0) defends during the first half of an NBA basketball game, Monday, March 5, 2018, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)LOS ANGELES — Damian Lillard scored 19 of his 39 points in the fourth quarter and the Portland Trail Blazers won their 15th consecutive game over the Los Angeles Lakers, 108-103 on Monday night.Lillard scored 15 in a row for the Trail Blazers down the stretch, giving them a 104-103 with 1:08 remaining by knowing down 1 of 2 free throws.ADVERTISEMENT Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Typhoon ‘Tisoy’ threatens Games View comments Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university PLAY LIST 01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Families in US enclave in north Mexico hold sad Thanksgiving LATEST STORIES The Lakers led 80-73 after the third quarter, with Randle scoring nine points and Caldwell-Pope adding seven. Caldwell-Pope knocked down back-to-back 3-pointers to put Los Angeles up by 12, the Lakers’ largest lead of the game. Delivering on the defensive end, the Lakers held Lillard and McCollum to a combined six points on 2-of-13 shooting. Portland was 5 of 23 from the field, shooting 21.7 percent in the quarter.The Trail Blazers opened up an 11-point lead in the first quarter after Ball was called for two personal fouls in the first 5:56. The short-handed Lakers responded by cutting the advantage down to three going into the second, where the trading of runs became more pronounced.McCollum had seven straight to start the quarter, helping Portland to a 17-8 scoring edge over the first 4:28 and opening up a 46-32 lead, only to see the Lakers answer with an 8-0 run that included consecutive 3s by Kuzma and Ball. The Trail Blazers were up 58-55 at the break, with McCollum scoring 14 of his 17 first-half points in the second quarter.TIP-INSTrail Blazers: Lillard was 12 of 25 for the game, including 6 of 11 from 3.ADVERTISEMENT Pussycat Dolls set for reunion tour after 10-year hiatus CJ McCollum had 22 points, and Jusuf Nurkic added 16 points and 16 rebounds.Julius Randle had 21 points and nine rebounds for the Lakers, who had their five-game winning streak ended. Kentavious Caldwell-Pope had 16 points, and Lonzo Ball had 10 points, two rebounds and two assists.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutLillard was 5 of 7 from the floor and 4 of 5 from 3-point range in the fourth quarter.Isaiah Thomas had a chance to tie it in the closing seconds but was stripped by Shabazz Napier, who then made two free throws. Thomas finished with 19 points. LOOK: Iya Villania meets ‘Jumanji: The Next Level’ cast in Mexico Roger Federer dazzles in first career Bay Area appearance Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC MOST READ John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Google honors food scientist, banana ketchup inventor and war hero Maria Orosa Read Next Lakers: Six Lakers finished in double figures, including 14 points for Brook Lopez and 11 for Kyle Kuzma.UP NEXTTrail Blazers: Host the New York Knicks on Tuesday.Lakers: Host the Orlando Magic on Wednesday.
Tata Motors-owned British luxury and sportscar marquee Jaguar will soon launch two high end cars in India, the XJ Ultimate luxury saloon and the F-Type sportscar. According to reports, both the cars will be brought to India through completely built unit(CBU) route as has been the case with most Jaguars. “While the Jaguar XJ Ultimate luxury saloon is a super luxurious car that will take on the long wheelbase versions of the Mercedes Benz S-Class and BMW 7 Series saloons, the F-Type is a brand new sportscar,” said the report on indiancarsbikes.in.The report further adds that the Jaguar XJ luxury saloon retains the current engine line up: a 5 Liter V8 and a 3 Liter V6 supercharged petrol engines along with a V6 turbo diesel engine. All these engines will be mated to an eight speed automatic gearbox with a start-stop system as standard. The 2013 Jaguar F-Type sportscar, inspired by the C-X16 concept will be unveiled later this year. The F-Type sportscar is expected to feature a three liter V6 petrol engine in two guises, a naturally aspirated version and a supercharged version, said the report. The naturally aspirated engine is expected to deliver about 275 Bhp while the supercharged version of the engine could put out about 375 Bhp.The 2013 Jaguar F-Type sportscar is likley to be available in both coupe as well as convertible form.
Hoffenheim 2 Bayern Munich 0: Ancelotti’s men succumb to in-form Uth double Patric Ridge Last updated 2 years ago 02:26 10/9/2017 Getty Images Mark Uth was at the double as Bayern Munich slumped to a surprise 2-0 defeat to Hoffenheim in the Bundesliga. Bayern Munich slumped to their first defeat of the season as Mark Uth’s clinical double claimed a surprise 2-0 Bundesliga victory for Hoffenheim.Carlo Ancelotti’s side looked leggy throughout Saturday’s encounter at the Rhein-Neckar-Arena, and Uth made sure that Hoffenheim – the last side to beat Bayern in the Bundesliga back in April – took full advantage.Starting up front in the absence of the injured Sandro Wagner, Uth capitalised on sloppy defending from Mats Hummels and Javi Martinez to put Hoffenheim ahead 27 minutes in, with Bayern having failed to test Oliver Baumann at the other end bar an early opportunity for Robert Lewandowski. Article continues below Editors’ Picks ‘I’m getting better’ – Can Man Utd flop Fred save his Old Trafford career? Why Barcelona god Messi will never be worshipped in the same way in Argentina Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing And despite a positive start to the second half from Bayern, Uth doubled his tally and made it five goals in his last five games in all competitions with a precise finish at the culmination of a swift Hoffenheim counter-attack six minutes after the restart.The visitors pressed late on, but a late chance for Martinez – set-up by James Rodriguez on his Bayern debut – was all they could muster, with Hoffenheim holding firm to move level on points with current league leaders Borussia Dortmund.Bayern, meanwhile, must now switch their focus to the Champions League, with Anderlecht visiting the Allianz Arena on Tuesday.On his 400th Bayern appearance, Thomas Muller nearly turned provider with a pinpoint cross into Lewandowski, whose first-time effort clipped off the crossbar on its way over.Despite Bayern’s dominance, Hoffenheim kept the champions at arm’s length, and Julian Nagelsmann’s tactics paid off when quick thinking from Andrej Kramaric from a throw-in caught out Hummels.Uth reacted swiftly, stealing in unchallenged to drive into the area and plant a neat finish past Manuel Neuer at the near post.In search of an immediate response, Lewandowski tried his luck with a free-kick from range, but the Poland striker’s dipping shot inched wide of the left-hand upright.4 – Mark #Uth scored 4 of 8 Hoffenheim goals in all comps 2017-18. Pillar. #TSGFCB— OptaFranz (@OptaFranz) September 9, 2017Bayern’s determination to restore parity stretched their defence, though, with Neuer doing well to keep out Steven Zuber’s low drive prior to the interval, while Corentin Tolisso headed straight at Baumann.Kingsley Coman was the next to test Hoffenheim’s defence, drilling over from the edge of the hosts’ area after cutting inside from the left flank.But it was not to be for Bayern, who found themselves further behind when Uth side-footed home from 10 yards out having latched onto Zuber’s cut-back.Ancelotti was swift to make a change, bringing on Arjen Robben, though it was the introduction of Bayern’s next substitute – James – which almost paid dividends late on.Colombia star James whipped in a delightful free-kick that Martinez met, but, with the aid of the crossbar, Baumann managed to keep it out as Hoffenheim held firm for a well-deserved victory. Key Opta stats: – Thomas Muller made his 400th appearance in competitive games for Bayern Munich – since the club’s promotion to the top flight in 1965, only 13 players appeared in more games.- Mark Uth became the first player to score a brace for Hoffenheim against Bayern.- On matchday three, this is the earliest Bayern loss in a Bundesliga season since 2011-12. Back then they had lost on matchday one to Borussia Monchengladbach.- Hoffenheim have kept clean sheets in their last four league home games – a new record for the team. read more
Categories: Howrylak News,News Rep. Martin Howrylak of Troy introduced legislation today that seeks to significantly lower the tax burden for retirees.“I came to Lansing with the desire to provide taxpayers in Troy and Clawson and across the state with tax relief,” Howrylak said. “The retirement income tax exclusion was eliminated several years ago and my goal is to significantly lessen the retiree tax burden.”In 2011, Michigan made several changes to the tax code, including eliminating the pension and retirement exemption. If enacted, Rep. Howrylak’s proposal will significantly increase the retirement income subtractions for both single and joint filers. As a result, this legislation will reduce the portion of one’s retirement income that is subject to state tax and lower the tax obligation for all Michigan retirees and seniors.“Most senior citizens are dependent on a fixed income and this policy change had a significant impact on their pocketbooks,” Howrylak said. “My bill will greatly reduce the tax burden placed on these hard-working citizens and allow them to keep more of their earned income during their retirement years.”This legislation is the reintroduction of House Bill 5801, which Howrylak authored in 2016.HB 4159 has been referred to the Tax Policy Committee for consideration.##### 02Feb Rep. Howrylak introduces bill to reduce taxes for retirees, seniors