Got E coli ? Outbreak showed danger of raw milk

first_img CDC. Echerichia coli O157:H7 infection associated with drinking raw milk—Washington and Oregon, November-Decmeber 2005. MMWR 2007 Mar 2;56(8):165-7 [Full text] See also: Mar 2, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Federal health officials are using an analysis of an Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak that involved 18 cases in December 2005 to remind people of the dangers of drinking unpasteurized milk. FDA news releasehttp://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/NEWS/2007/NEW01576.html Five patients were hospitalized, and four of them had hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), a potentially fatal kidney disorder. The hospitalized patients were all children (aged 1 to 13). The FDA statement listed higher numbers, saying the CDC identified 45 outbreaks linked to raw milk or cheese made from raw milk between 1998 and May 2005. Those outbreaks involved 1,007 illnesses, 104 hospitalizations, and 2 deaths. The statement didn’t specify whether this included all pathogens, and FDA officials could not be reached for clarification this afternoon. In a news release yesterday, the Food and Drug Administration said raw milk can be contaminated not only with E coli, but also with Salmonella, Listeria, Campylobacter, and Brucella species. Investigators analyzed the DNA fingerprints of E coli O157:H7 from eight patients and found that seven of them matched one another and also matched isolates from milk samples and environmental samples from the milking-parlor floor, the report says. In addition, there was a dose-response relationship between milk consumption and the risk of illness, with a 37.5% risk for those who drank 3 or more cups daily.center_img By interviewing 43 of 45 families who held shares in the cows, health investigators found 18 cases of E coli infection, 8 of which were laboratory-confirmed, according to the report in today’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Repor (MMWR). The 18 case-patients constituted 13% of the 140 people who reported drinking raw milk from the farm. Raw milk has been banned from interstate commerce since 1987, but it can be sold legally in 27 states. However, “Because raw milk certification has failed to prevent many raw-milk-associated infections in the past, consumers should not assume that certified raw milk is free of pathogens,” the CDC says. The FDA noted that proponents of raw milk claim that it is more nutritious than pasteurized milk and is inherently antimicrobial. “Research has shown that these claims are myths,” the statement said. The MMWR report says 33 outbreaks linked to raw milk, involving E coli O157:H7, Salmonella, and Campylobacter, were reported to the CDC from 1988 through 2005. The outbreak was traced to a farm in Cowlitz County, Washington, that ran a cow-share program, in which people bought interests in dairy cows and received raw milk in return, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Raw milk can be sold legally in Washington state under a licensing system, but the farm blamed for the outbreak was not licensed, according to the CDC. Inspectors said they found mud and manure on the floor of the milking area, inadequate handwashing facilities, and improper procedures for cleaning equipment.last_img read more

COVID-19: Volunteers build crowdsourced databases to capture true scale of outbreak

first_imgThe COVID-19 outbreak has prompted members of the public to launch their own crowdsourced databases on the spread of the virus in their respective communities in a bid to shed some light on cases that have otherwise slipped under the government’s radar.  One such database, LaporCovid-19, allows people to submit reports regarding the latest coronavirus-related updates in their immediate vicinity. Users provide information by responding to a digital questionnaire via the platform’s official WhatsApp or Telegram group.Information collected through the social media channels is then compiled into a visual database that illustrates the scale of the contagion in a certain region, which can be accessed at laporcovid19.org. “We’re racing against the virus,” he said. “Data is a very important asset.”As of April 16, LaporCovid-19 had received 2,185 reports from WhatsApp and Telegram.Read also: With limited testing capability, Indonesia may battle COVID-19 blindfoldedMeanwhile, medical practitioners affiliated with the Indonesian Healthtech Association have launched stopcov.id – a digital platform that seeks to provide up-to-date data on medical diagnoses and the number of health supplies amid the surge in COVID-19 patients, among other things.According to stopcov.id founder Gregorius Bimantoro, the platform sourced its information from field reports submitted by health workers, hospital managers and medical equipment providers through a number of online health apps.He added that the platform also verified and analyzed the data it had collected to eliminate any discrepancies.“We aim to facilitate health workers, policy makers and the general public in their fight against COVID-19. We compile various data on a single platform, stopcovid.id, so those who seek the most accurate information can quickly obtain it,” Gregorius said.He said the platform also provided supplies of protective equipment and other medical equipment to designated COVID-19 referral centers across the country. Furthermore, the platform also cross-referenced COVID-19 patient data from a number of hospitals and clinics to capture the magnitude of the current health crisis, he added.The government was previously criticized for its apparent refusal to provide the latest and most accurate information regarding the outbreak, giving rise to community movements such as KawalCovid-19.Earlier this month, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo made an about-turn and called for greater transparency regarding the ongoing mitigation efforts.The government has also recently developed its own COVID-19 application, called PeduliLindungi, but there have been reports about difficulties accessing the app. According to the official government count, Indonesia has recorded 6,760 confirmed COVID-19 cases with 590 deaths as of Monday.Topics : Irma Hidayana, one of the public volunteers who initiated LaporCovid-19, said the platform was designed to give people the opportunity to pass along information regarding the latest situation in their neighborhood, which might have gone unnoticed by the government.“For example, people may provide information regarding themselves, their family members, or neighbors who died after exhibiting COVID-19 symptoms,” Irma said in a statement.She said that all information provided by the public would remain confidential. However, the platform would have access to the information to cross-reference data and eliminate errors, she added.Rajawali, another volunteer who contributed to LaporCovid-19, said he hoped the platform would be able to predict new clusters of the outbreak and save lives.last_img read more

Rodgers expects Sterling to see out contract

first_imgHe says the pacy forward is available to play against Stoke in Sunday’s final Premier League game of the season. It’s believed the club yesterday cancelled contract talks with Sterling – whose agent claims he wants to leave Anfield.Rodgers wouldn’t comment on that – but says there’s no ill feeling between Liverpool and Sterling.last_img

Angels select Louisville pitcher Reid Detmers with 1st-round draft pick

first_img Angels’ Mike Trout working on his defense, thanks to Twitter “His curveball is a separator for him,” Swanson said.“His pitches, the way he uses his pitches, they build upon themselves. He has such a natural feel for pitching, the moxie – the sum of the parts is greater than the whole. How much swing and miss he gets on fastballs up and down, in and out, it’s just a lot when you can see it.”Swanson personally scouted Detmers’ final collegiate game at Wake Forest on March 6. The weather was bad, Swanson said – “40 degrees, one of those nights where the flags were standing up” – and he was awed by Detmers’ competitiveness.“There was a sequence where he got hit on a line drive comebacker, stayed in the game, struck out the side to get out of it,” Swanson said.Last year, Detmers pitched for the U.S. National team following his sophomore season at Louisville. In his last full college season, Detmers set the Cardinals’ single-season strikeout record with 167, and tied the program record for wins with 13. Swanson said the Angels scouted Detmers often in 2019, and as a high schooler in Chatham, Illinois.The Angels have been allotted $6.4 million to spend on their five picks in this year’s draft. The assigned bonus value for the number-10 pick is $4,739,900.Detmers had been drafted once before, when the Braves selected him in the 32nd round of the 2017 draft out of high school. His father, Kris, was a minor-league pitcher in the Cardinals’ organization from 1994-99.The younger Detmers called his father a “huge influence” on his career. He wasn’t allowed to throw a curveball until his freshman year of high school, but it quickly became his signature pitch.“It’s always had that shape,” Reid Detmers said. “I’ve always had a good feel for it.”Coincidentally, Detmers was part of the same Louisville recruiting class as outfielder Jo Adell, who is now the top prospect in the Angels’ organization. While developing outfielders hasn’t been an issue for the Angels recently, developing starting pitching has. That could allow Detmers to stand out in a relatively thin minor league system.Keanan Lamb, the Senior MLB Draft Writer for Baseball Prospectus, said “the command for both (his) fastball and curveball are advanced, just needing a little extra work on the changeup to help his overall starter profile. Assuming the transition from college to the pros goes smoothly, he could move reasonably quickly in the Angels’ system that desperately could use starting pitching.”Related Articles Angels offense breaks out to split doubleheader with Astros Angels’ Shohei Ohtani spending downtime working in outfield Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Error Jose Suarez’s rocky start sinks Angels in loss to Astros Angels’ poor pitching spoils an Albert Pujols milestone It’s usually a safe bet that any player chosen in the Major League Baseball draft, even a first-round pick, will not make his major league debut until the following season at the earliest.Not so in 2020.The Angels chose Louisville pitcher Reid Detmers with their first-round pick Wednesday. He’s the first pitcher the Angels have chosen with their top draft pick since Sean Newcomb in 2014. The last time they drafted a pitcher higher than 10th overall was 1993, when they chose left-hander Brian Anderson with the number-3 pick.The scouting report on Detmers – and the uncertainty around MLB roster sizes this season – predict he could arrive sooner rather than later. “I think I’m ready, but that’s not up to me,” Detmers said on a conference call from Louisville. “That’s up to the organization. I’m going to follow their guidelines. Hopefully I can get that call soon. I’m going to do everything to the best of my ability.”It’s a good year to be a fast-moving minor leaguer. The coronavirus wiped out the minor league schedule, but commissioner Rob Manfred told MLB Network on Wednesday “we’re going to play baseball in 2020, 100 percent.”Once the season begins, teams might need more players than a 40-man roster allows. That invites the strong possibility that teams will be allowed a “reserve list” of non-roster players who could join the major league club later in the season. Could Detmers be a candidate?“We look at him as someone who could be really close, and have an impact in short order,” said Matt Swanson, the Angels’ director of amateur scouting. “One thing I’ve learned: the player is going to let you know when that is.”Detmers, who turns 21 in July, made four starts in his junior season. He was 3-0 with a 1.23 earned-run average when the NCAA postponed games due to the novel coronavirus. Detmers struck out 48 batters in 22 innings, though he is not a power pitcher in the mold of Newcomb and many other first-round selections. His fastball sits in the low- to mid-90-mph range, and his aptitude for location is considered advanced.last_img read more