Star Files Lin-Manuel Miranda View Comments The weekend is almost here, and it’s time to party! Just not in any of these Manhattan zones. Although the pope couldn’t get into Hamilton during his New York visit, it was still a super exciting week on the Great White Way. Take a break from listening to that cast recording and get caught up. It’s Lessons of the Week time! Lin-Manuel Is the T-Swift of BroadwaySinging stick of Juicy Fruit Taylor Swift has welcomed to the stage a gaggle a celebrities, from Lisa Kudrow to Fetty Wap to the U.S. Women’s National Soccer Team. But she’s got nothing on Hamilton maestro Lin-Manuel Miranda, who just last week hosted Gloria Estefan, Gerard Butler, Nancy Pelosi, MC Hammer and Justice Anthony Kennedy at the Richard Rodgers. What do you think of that, L.A.?Lesli’s in a Sticky Situation at DamesLesli Margherita is back! For the next eight weeks, the Broadway queen is taking us backstage at Dames at Sea. Before becoming a tap dancing diva, Lesli started out as…a baby alien creature? At least that’s what it looks like during her wig fitting. We’re all for a good lace front, but we had no idea wrapping your skull in packing tape was a part of the process.Rannells Needs to Calm the F**k DownWhen Andrew Rannells showed up on the set of The Intern, filmmaker Nancy Meyers had some frank advice on being around Robert De Niro: “Don’t be an ass…you have to be normal.” Rannells’ version of normal was dropping (by our count) nine f-bombs. What is the f**king matter with you, Andrew? What are you, a f**king sick maniac or something? Rannells, I’m kidding with you. I’m f**king kidding with you.Uzo Aduba Transcends GenreBroadway alum Uzo Aduba is on track to become the Audra McDonald of the small screen. Last year, she took home an Emmy for Guest Actress in a Comedy series. Now she’s won for Supporting Actress in a Drama. The twist: it was for the same role in Orange is the New Black. Don’t act surprised when the Godspell fave is bumped up to lead (in both genres.) Let’s work on getting Suzanne to sing…The Rockettes Kick…the Tonys OutTheir synchronized high kicks are so powerful, they can displace an entire awards show some 20 blocks. The Rockettes’ New York Spring Spectacular is heading back to Radio City Music Hall next summer (spring? just a word), meaning the Tony Awards will have to move venues. So Broadway’s biggest night will be at the Beacon Theatre again? You mean we have to commute? Ugh, what we do for love…Denzel Has a 10-Year PlanDenzel Washington is taking a page out of the Bryan Cranston handbook and bringing his Tony-winning Fences performance to HBO. Joining him is recent Emmy winner and his Broadway co-star Viola Davis. (Have you watched her speech yet? WATCH IT!) That’s not all: Washington will produce 10 of August Wilson’s plays for the network over the next decade. Will Andy Samberg’s login still work in 2026?Cosette Never Saw Les MizWhen asking stage actors which shows they saw as kids, Les Miserables is a popular choice. But not for Alex Finke. Broadway’s newest Cosette revealed that she hadn’t even seen the tearful tuner on stage until her first week of rehearsal. Not even before your audition, Alex? Tsk! We’re sure she had the chance to at some point; it was just out of reach, just a whisper away waiting for her.Andy Karl Is a Member of an Elite SquadThe best part of a TV series shot in New York is seeing Broadway faves (eg. Sutton Foster as a lesbian activist, Jane Krakowski and Anthony Rapp as murderous siblings and so many more). Next up: Andy Karl! The Tony nominee joined the squad on Law & Order: SVU. If he needs tips, he can turn to his wife Orfeh, who played the wife of a murdered FCC officer on Criminal Intent. It’s still on our DVR.Gary Barlow Can’t Stop Writing MusicalsMove over, One Direction. During a post-show concert with Gary Barlow and Elliot Kennedy at Finding Neverland, our British Boy Band Correspondent was on the scene and learned that the Take That frontman wants to create a Take That musical for the West End. He also has The Girls and Around the World in Eighty Days on his plate. Keep your feet on the ground, Barlow! Or, you know, don’t.Marlee Matlin Wants to Be a JellicleOscar winner Marlee Matlin makes her Broadway debut in the Deaf West revival of Spring Awakening, but she already has her eyes on another musical she’d like to see the ASL company take on: Cats. And before you quip that cats have paws and can’t sign, let’s keep in mind cats also can’t actually sing at the same time in more than one key. But jellicles do, and jellicles can.
Star Files Related Shows View Comments Hamilton from $149.00 Here’s a quick roundup of stories you may have missed today. Kids Have a Shot to See Hamilton20,000 NYC public school students will be in the room where it happens! The Rockefeller Foundation has donated $1.46 million to allow kids to see Wednesday matinees at Broadway hit Hamilton for just $10. Those attending through the scheme will even have a chance to interact with members of the cast! “It is a dream come true to have a program like this exist in connection to Hamilton,” said creator and star Lin-Manuel Miranda in a statement. “I’m hopeful that the stories it will inspire in them will change our lives in ways we can’t even anticipate.”Boublil & Schönberg to Be Honored at Carnegie HallLegendary Les Miz and Miss Saigon scribes Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg will be celebrated on May 2, 2016 at a Carnegie Hall gala evening. A concert with the New York Pops is set to be followed by a dinner dance at the swanky Mandarin Oriental New York. No word yet on the event’s guest artists, but music director Steven Reineke assures us that they will be “incredible.”A Christmas Carol Heads Off-BroadwayChristmas wouldn’t be Christmas without a bah humbug or two! A new adaptation of Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol will play a limited holiday engagement December 16 through December 23 at the Clurman Theatre at Theatre Row. Co-directed by Adam (who will also play Scrooge) and Andrea Daveline, seven performers will bring 57 classic characters to life (or death) in the off-Broadway production.Laura Benanti Turns Evil in Supergirl’s Super StartSupergirl debuted to sky high ratings on October 26! The new CBS series, which stars Melissa Benoist in the title role, alongside Broadway faves Laura Benanti and Jeremy Jordan, landed a massive 12.94 million total viewers. It was this fall’s biggest premiere audience, both overall and in the all-important 18-49 demo. Check out a brand new trailer for the season below and—spoiler alert—turns out that Benanti will be tapping her dark side in future episodes… Laura Benanti
Treating chicken is different from beef and pork”With beef and pork, we remove the hide,” Russell said. “Withpoultry, the skin (which has been exposed to the environment) iswhat’s being tested.”To further protect themselves and their families, consumers mustlearn to deal with raw poultry safely, too.”They need to handle it properly,” Russell said. “Any surfacethat raw chicken has contacted should be cleaned. And peopleshould be sure to wash their hands thoroughly before and afterhandling raw chicken.” By Brooke HatfieldUniversity of GeorgiaSalmonella contamination can cause major problems in Georgiapoultry plants. But one scientist’s efforts have preventedseveral plant shutdowns by helping reduce the level of bacteriain plants.”The biggest problem I hear from the industry is ‘I can’t get myarms around the Salmonella issue,'” said Scott Russell, a poultryscientist with the University of Georgia College of Agriculturaland Environmental Sciences.”Salmonella is a ubiquitous organism,” he said. “It can be foundin the environment, so it can be transferred to chickens easily.”Poultry problems are Georgia problemsAny problem connected to the poultry industry is a Georgiaproblem. Poultry is the state’s biggest agricultural industry,with more than $13 billion in annual farm income. Failure to meetfederal Salmonella standards can cause plant shutdowns, resultingin employee layoffs.With 750 to 1,200 workers per plant, such layoffs would costpoultry plants half a million dollars a day in sales, Russellsaid. To the workers, the income loss could be devastating.And if a plant is shut down, what happens to the live chickensthat are en route? If a processing plant is shut down because ofexcessive Salmonella levels, animal welfare problems surface,especially in the summer.Preventing plant shutdownsThis year, Russell has helped prevent shutdowns at five majorpoultry processing companies.The nature of poultry processing adds to the salmonella problem.Since most of the chicken is uncooked, it’s possible for bacteriain the bird to survive.”There will always be bacteria when you are dealing with rawpoultry products,” Russell said. “But (U.S. Department ofAgriculture) regulations dictate how meat plants follow rules interms of food safety.”The Pathogen Reduction/Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point(HACCP) system requires poultry plants to keep Salmonella levelson chicken carcasses below 23.5 percent.That percentage may sound high. “Actually, it’s really low whenyou look at it holistically,” Russell said. “We’re never going toget it to zero.”It just takes one cellA carcass needs to have only one Salmonella cell to test positivefor Salmonella.”The average number of Salmonella cells on a positive carcass isfour to five and almost always less than 30,” Russell said.The USDA tests carcasses for Salmonella for 51 days. If a plantfails, it has 30 days to fix the problem before testing resumes.The testing process outlined by HACCP allows for three strikesbefore a plant is shut down.”If they fail the third series, that’s when they’re in serioustrouble,” Russell said. Once a plant gets a third strike, it mustbe shut down and reevaluated before retesting can resume.When the USDA realizes there’s a problem in a Georgia plant, theycall Russell, a poultry production and processing microbiologist.He’s been helping poultry plants reduce pathogen levels since1997.Salmonella presents a complex problem. There’s no one way tocompletely eliminate it. Russell takes what he calls a”multihurdle approach.” He attacks the bacteria from many points.”The Salmonella problem must be approached in the field, as wellas in eggs and breeder chickens,” he said. “During hatching andgrow-out, flies must be controlled, and various points in theplant must be monitored and controlled.” Another poultry processing factor makes it hard to controlSalmonella.
By Pam KnoxUniversity of GeorgiaGeorgia’s temperatures were close to typical last month. Most weather stations reported mean temperatures of only 1 degree Fahrenheit above normal. Macon had the highest departure at 2 F above normal. The Alma station reported the lowest departure of 1 F below normal. Temperatures during the month swung from cold to warm and back again as a series of fronts moved through the region, bringing Arctic and Gulf of Mexico air by turns into the state. These swings were consistent with the weather patterns expected during the neutral El Nino-Southern Oscillation phase, which was present at the beginning of the month. There were two temperature records tied or set last month. Alma tied a low temperature of 23 F on the Jan. 16. Columbus set a new high temperature of 75 F on January 6.The northwest corner received above normal precipitation. Rome reported a 24-hour total of 5.06 inches on Jan. 6 alone. It received 7.42 inches in total during the month, compared to a normal of 5.47 inches. However, rainfall for most of the state was below average.Atlanta reported 2.88 inches (or 2.15 inches below normal); Athens reported 2.70 inches (1.99 below normal); Columbus 2.49 inches (2.29 below normal); Macon 1.34 inches (3.66 below normal); Savannah 1.02 inches (2.93 below normal); Alma 1.47 inches (3.36 below normal); Brunswick 1.83 inches (2.03 below normal); and Augusta 1.52 inches (2.98 below normal). In some parts of southwest Georgia, rainfall was as much as 5 inches below normal. Drought conditions expanded last month slightly in the east and along the coast.The most active weather event in January was a strong frontal passage on January 5-6. It brought the first two tornadoes of the year. One was located near Chattoogaville in northwest Georgia, the other near Forsyth south of Atlanta. Both were small local tornadoes which did only minor damage to roofs and trees and destroyed one mobile home. A number of high-wind reports were also received from this frontal passage in southwest Georgia. The rainfall from the effects of the Gulf of Mexico low that rode up the front caused localized flooding in northern Georgia along some streams and caused water to almost overflow several small dams. However, stream flows fell quickly once the pulse of rainfall moved through the system, reflecting the continuing dry conditions. Cold temperatures in the second half of January slowed field work across the state. Farmers were concerned with the slow growth of forage and small grains. Blueberries in bloom in southern Georgia were damaged by low temperatures Jan. 21-23, as well as breakage due to the weight of water sprayed on the bushes, a practice farmers do to reduce the effects of freezing air.For more Georgia weather information, go to the Web site http://climate.engr.uga.edu.
By April SorrowUniversity of GeorgiaGeorgia’s drought kept mosquitoes, to a point, at bay. But an abundance of rain and warm weather has sparked dormant eggs to hatch. By the millions, adult mosquitoes are descending on Georgians all across the state.“As long as these mosquitoes keep laying eggs the problem will continue,” said Elmer Gray, an entomologist with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.Georgia is home to 63 mosquito species. To control them in general, people can eliminate standing water and spray pesticides. In south Georgia, though, more than just dumping containers is needed. There, mosquitoes come from riverbeds and swamps where eggs have been dormant through the drought. They are now immersed in water and hatching in record numbers, he said. Integrated pest management practices are needed, but these practices require resources, people and training.“This is a good time for citizen groups to approach local government and request mosquito control programs,” Gray said. “In December, it won’t seem like a priority.” Johnny Whiddon, UGA Cooperative Extension coordinator in Brooks County, said he is getting twice as many mosquito calls as last year. The southern county has many lowland areas. After receiving 19 inches of rain this spring, the areas are flooded, and mosquitoes are reproducing. “We are applying for federal assistance to pay for spraying,” Whiddon said. “In the past, we couldn’t afford a spraying program, but now we need to figure out what we can do.” To implement a mosquito control program, the county will need to set traps and record mosquito numbers. In the mean time, Whiddon tells citizens to treat flooded areas with larvaecide donuts and spray shrubbery around their homes with pesticides every 10 to 14 days. Lowndes County has recorded over an 8,000 percent increase in mosquitoes in surveillance traps over a three-week period beginning April 6. The county has implemented a governmentally-funded program to assist in limiting these numbers, said Jake Price, Lowndes County extension agent. Limit ExposureMosquitoes are most active at dawn and dusk. Limiting exposure during peak times is recommended. This isn’t the time to experiment with unproven repellents like eating garlic or using bug zappers, Gray said.Most homeowners can’t do much to control mosquito breeding in wild areas, but they can limit them around the house by diligently getting rid of places where the larvae develop, like the water in toys, tarps, boats or buckets.They can also:• Secure window screens.• Keep vegetation trimmed.• Use barrier sprays on plants and entryways.• Use burgess foggers.Wearing light-colored, loose-fitting clothing helps. Mosquitoes are attracted to dark clothing and the human silhouette and sense body heat, which helps them locate blood – their food. The most effective technique for preventing mosquito bites is the proper use of insect repellents, Gray said. He recommends products containing DEET. A product with a 10 percent to 30 percent concentration is good and protects for a few hours.The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American Academy of Pediatrics also approved these strengths for children over two months old.“Products containing DEET are still the best choice for young children,” Gray said. “When treating children, an adult should apply the repellent to his or her hands first and then rub the repellent onto the child’s exposed skin, but never to a child’s hands.” Farm ponds, usually stocked with brim, are not a source of mosquitoes. Fish are mosquito predators. However, drainage ponds located in parking lots and other commercial areas can be larval habitats, he said. Gambusia, or mosquito fish, can grow in these smaller ponds and control mosquito populations. Serious Health RiskMosquitoes can leave behind more than itchy bumps when they bite. They transmit several serious diseases, including Eastern equine encephalitis, LaCrosse encephalitis and West Nile virus. All of these diseases can produce encephalitis, which is inflammation of the brain, and are extremely serious when a full-blown case occurs. According to the Georgia Division of Public Health, five people reported West Nile virus from mosquito bites in 2008, and 47 cases were reported in 2007. Five people reported LaCrosse in 2008. Twenty horses were diagnosed with Eastern equine encephalitis last year. Once an animal is infected, they often die in 48 to 72 hours. Horses can be vaccinated against the disease. “First and foremost, homeowners need to be concerned about Eastern equine encephalitis,” Gray said. “This disease is a real threat, and children and horses are the most susceptible.” If not fatal, the disease can cause life-long disabilities, he said, and conditions now are perfect for its spread. (April Sorrow is a news editor with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.)
University of Georgia research isn’t done just by professors in laboratories in Athens, Ga. It’s also conducted in fields, orchards and gardens statewide by UGA Cooperative Extension agents, who look to solve problems for the people in their counties.“We’re not trying to split atoms,” said Jenkins County Extension coordinator Wade Parker. “We’re trying to do research that has immediate results for farmers.”Jenkins County farmers grow a lot of cotton. Parker’s research focuses on what cotton varieties and chemicals will work best for farmers in the south Georgia county.Offices of helpStatewide, Extension has offices in 158 of Georgia’s 159 counties. “County agents are in a prime position to know the needs and the questions their producers are having difficulty finding answers to, or that there are no answers to,” Southwest District Extension Director Ken Lewis said. “They’re on the ground seeing the problems along with the farmers every day.”But they’re not alone. Agents often call to get information from Extension specialists (UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Science faculty with advanced degrees in a particular field) for information.Sometimes the questions demand more thorough answers. That’s when agents work with specialists to plan research projects, ranging from wine grape disease testing to blueberry replant fumigation trials to organic cover crop seed production to carrot variety trials. Traditional peanut, cotton, soybean and corn trials are the norm.“I think research goes back to the very core, the very roots of Cooperative Extension,” Lewis said. He calls it a “win, win, win situation” on the part of the agent, farmer and specialist.Beverly Sparks, associate dean for Extension, sees it as “a two-way exchange.” “The producers see a problem and then bring it to us,” she said. “Then we research it and get the information out there through our agents in a real, applied sort of way.”More peanuts, more moneyIn southwest Georgia, Calhoun County Extension coordinator Paul Wigley has worked alongside both Extension specialists and farmers to test more than 40 fungicides in almost 100 different combinations on a multitude of different peanut varieties. In this project, he looks for fungicides that combat a disease called Rhizoctonia peg rot, which plagues Calhoun County’s 15,000 acres of peanuts. His work adds up to money saved for his farmers, who produce an average of 4,000 pounds of peanuts per acre. Since 2003, the small county has gained $79 million in peanut profits.“Our job is to provide non-biased, research-based information, and that’s what we’re all trying to do,” Wigley said.Where’s the beef?Wigley’s counterpart in Upson County, Extension coordinator Wes Smith, works with beef cattle producers, many who work day jobs and spend their off time as cattlemen.Juggling two jobs is challenging enough, and lately Smith’s producers have experienced the added curveball of rising fertilizer costs. Smith shows his producers how incorporating legumes into a forage program can do two things: reduce nitrogen requirements and increase forage quality.“It’s something I can do and my county folks will see the benefits,” he said.He’s also studied whether cows will eat mown Bermuda grass. “We let them onto the plot a month to six weeks before they calve and let them harvest their own hay,” Smith said. Using this method allows producers to save $40 per cow per year, which can add up to more than $150,000 in savings per year across the county.Research centerAcross the state, CAES has eight research and education centers in addition to specialists and researchers located on the UGA campuses in Athens, Griffin and Tifton, and on the Georgia Southern University campus in Statesboro.At the Southeast Georgia Research and Education Center in Midville, agents conduct additional “on-farm” research. Center superintendent Anthony Black matches them up with specialists who have expertise in the areas they’re working in. The primary crops tested there are cotton, peanuts, soybeans and corn. Other trials include a small grain variety test and a biofuels project.“The Extension agent research is particularly interesting to me because it’s so easy to transfer to the farm,” Black said. “A farmer can drive up here and see something that could be on his farm in a week if he wanted it to be.”
For Atlanta, this was the third-warmest August and the second-warmest six-month period since records began in 1878. All National Weather Service stations in Georgia were in the top 5 warmest Augusts and top 2 warmest six-month periods. This summer was one of Georgia’s top 5 warmest on record.Many record-high temperatures were broken or tied at all major city airports except Atlanta this month.Rainfall in August was less than normal with the exception of a few widely scattered areas. It was particularly dry near the coast, where departures from normal of up to four inches were seen.The highest monthly total precipitation from NWS reporting stations was 5.05 inches in Columbus (1.28 inches above normal). The lowest was in Augusta at 1.19 inches (3.13 inches below normal). Valdosta received 2.31 inches (3.19 inches below normal), Macon 1.41 inches (2.69 inches below normal), Savannah 2.68 inches (3.88 inches below normal), Alma 2.34 inches (3.07 inches below normal), Athens 2.44 inches (1.09 inches below normal), Brunswick 4.20 inches (2.07 inches below normal) and Atlanta 1.51 inches (2.39 inches below normal). A one daily rainfall record was set at Columbus Aug. 8, where 3.28 inches was reported at the airport. This broke the old record of 0.99 inch set for the date in 1981.The highest single-day rainfall from a Community Collaborative Rain, Hail and Snow Network station was 4.12 inches near Fayetteville in Fayette County Aug. 7. An observer near Comer in Madison County reported 3.03 inches Aug. 6. Another observer in Richmond Hill in Bryan County reported 3 inches Aug. 9. The Richmond Hill observer had the highest monthly total of 8.81 inches, followed by an observer on Tybee Island with 7.07 inches.There were no tornadoes reported in August, but severe weather, mostly as high winds, caused scattered damage somewhere in Georgia on 14 days during the month. And the vicious cycle continued in August, which brought sparse rainfall and hot temperatures to Georgia for the seventh straight month, increasing drought across the state.In Atlanta, the monthly average temperature was 83 degrees F (3.6 degrees above normal), in Athens 82.7 degrees (3.1 degrees above normal), Columbus 85.5 degrees (3.6 degrees above normal), Macon 84 degrees (3.1 degrees above normal), Savannah 84.8 degrees (3.3 degrees above normal), Brunswick 85.3 degrees (3.5 degrees above normal), Alma 84.7 degrees (3.4 degrees above normal), Valdosta 84.5 degrees (3.3 degrees above normal) and Augusta 84.4 degrees (3.9 degrees above normal).
Fire blight, a common plant disease that is persistent in the Southeast, makes growing edible pears in Georgia difficult.Fire blight is caused by a bacterial plant disease that infects trees in early spring, when young tender leaves and flower blossoms begin to emerge. It is most common on pear trees, but can also affect certain types of apple trees and a few other types of plants.Most pears produced in the U.S. are grown in Oregon and Washington, states where the disease does not become a problem.Affects blooms and stemsFire blight produces several different symptoms, depending on what plant parts are attacked and when. The first symptom, called blossom blight, appears shortly after the tree blooms. In the early stages of infection, blossoms appear water soaked and grayish-green but quickly turn brown or black. Typically the entire cluster becomes blighted and is killed.The most obvious symptom of the disease is the shoot blight phase. This first appears one to several weeks after flower petals fall from the tree. The leaves and stems on young, succulent shoot tips turn brown or black and bend over into a characteristic shape similar to the top of a shepherd’s crook or candy cane.Under favorable conditions, shoot blight infections multiply and continue to expand down the stems, causing the tree to appear scorched by fire. Shoot blight infections can expand beyond the current season’s growth. This causes dark, sunken cankers to form on the older, supporting wood.Plant susceptible cultivarsThe most effective horticultural practice for minimizing fire blight outbreaks is to avoid planting highly susceptible cultivars. Unfortunately, most popular pear cultivars are highly susceptible to fire blight. If you plan to add pear trees to your home landscape, do your homework and buy the best variety for Georgia’s climate.If your trees are already blighted, the only option for limiting the spread of the disease is to prune out the affected branches as soon as they appear. Pruning cuts should be made at least 8 to 12 inches below any symptoms of visible infection to ensure complete removal of diseased tissue. Sterilize pruning-shear blades with alcohol or household bleach between each cut to reduce potential spreading of the disease.Applications of a copper-containing fungicide/bactericide at or shortly after bud break in early spring will further reduce the number of new fire blight bacteria produced from overwintering cankers. Unfortunately, this will not completely eliminate the problem. Also, it is usually not practical for home gardeners to spray larger trees and be able to get good coverage. For more information on fire blight disease and growing pears in Georgia, visit the UGA Cooperative Extension publication website at .
Certified pesticide applicators need reecertification training and continuing education credits to maintain their licenses. University of Georgia Cooperative Extension has planned pesticide applicator recertification classes for May in Albany and Gainesville.The Albany class is set for May 21 from 9 a.m. to 3:45 p.m. at the Dougherty County Extension Office. The Gainesville class will be held at Lanier Technical College on May 24 from 9 a.m. until 4 p.m.Both classes cost $45 for those who register by the early deadline. The Albany class registration fee rises to $55 after May 13 and the Gainesville class rises to $55 after May 16.Certified applicators can earn five hours of Georgia Commercial Pesticide Credit in categories 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39 and 41 for attending each class. Private applicators can earn up to two credit hours.Experts from UGA Extension and the Georgia Department of Agriculture will teach the classes. The Dougherty County and Hall County offices of UGA Extension are sponsoring the recertification training sessions. For a complete schedule or to register online, visit the website www.ugagriffincontinuingedu.com. For more information, call (770) 229-3477 or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Today, UGA Extension has a presence in 157 of Georgia’s 159 counties. For information about the UGA Extension centennial, see 100years.extension.uga.edu. In addition to prints and negatives stored in the Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library in the Russell Special Collections Building, the University Archives collaborated with the Hargrett imaging lab and the Digital Library of Georgia to make the photographs available to the public. The Digital Library of Georgia includes digitized and searchable versions of newspapers, photographs, books, official documents and other pieces of Georgia’s history. “What makes this collection so valuable is that many of the photos came with some type of documentation,” Killens said. “Many of these negatives came with notes about the event and subject of the photos and often with the place where they were taken and the photographer’s name.” Photos and descriptions “These photos tell the stories of the Georgians whose lives and livelihoods were touched by UGA Extension over the past century and illustrate the vital role that UGA Extension has had in shaping Georgia’s history.” Pictures of crops, livestock, more The Digital Library of Georgia is part of the Digital Public Library of America, a network of local digital archives houses more than 7 million photos and documents from museums, archives and libraries across the county. Archivists are busy scanning and cataloging the rest of the negatives and documents that are in the UGA Extension collection. Each negative sleeve contains between one and 20 negatives. The size and scope of the collection provides an excellent photographic record of Georgia folk life and farm life, said UGA archivist Caroline Killens, who is managing the project. The first 1,292 photos of the collection were released this month and are available at http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/CollectionsA-Z/caes_search.html. This first set of photos contains numerous shots of grain crops, livestock shows and forage fields from across the state. The bulk of the prints date from the 1930s to the 1960s, but some are from as early as the 1900s. “The 100-year history of UGA Extension is the history of thousands of individual Georgians who spent their youth at 4-H summer camps, helped to organize an Extension field day or hosted a demonstration field for their community,” said Beverly Sparks, associate dean for Extension in the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. CAES and UGA Extension communications and information technology staffers collected the photos from an old storage room in the basement of the Hoke Smith Annex building on the UGA campus in Athens. There were boxes of negatives, but also important paper documents and older glass photographic slides. UGA Extension, originally known as the UGA Cooperative Extension Service, was founded in May 1914 through the Smith-Lever Act, a federal law that established and funded a state-by-state national network of educators to bring university-based research and practical knowledge to the public. For as long as there have been portable cameras, University of Georgia Extension agents and Extension photographers have used them to help identify crop diseases, demonstrate best farming practices and document community events. “Someone at some point had started the process of archiving them, but the project was never finished,” said Brian Watson, the college’s associate director of information technology. Since many of the sleeves of negatives contain images covering a broad subject area, archivists started by grouping the sleeves by subject and assigned them a file header. The descriptions have helped immensely as the library staff starts to scan and catalog the photos, Killens said. Watson contacted Killens at the library as the Hoke Smith Annex basement was reorganized to provide more office and workroom space. College administrators provided funding for a student worker, a computer and a scanner so the images could be digitized at the library and made available to the public. Many of the photos were used as part of UGA Extension’s centennial multimedia exhibit, both online at 100years.extension.uga.edu and in the rotunda of the Richard B. Russell Building Special Collections Libraries. History through images “I think many people will enjoy these, not just those who are interested in agriculture,” Killens said. “There are a lot of photos in this collection that people have never seen before. People researching their genealogy or the history of their town or county will find a lot of information in this collection.” With at least one agent in most Georgia counties, UGA Extension agents and their photographers have produced a collection of more than 60,000 sleeves of negatives. For the first time, some of these photos are available to the public online through the Digital Library of Georgia.