Boeselburg Council and Student Housing / Kresings GmbH

first_img Year:  Building Contractor:Studentenwerk MünsterSupporting Framework:gwi Gantert + Wiemeler Ingenieurplanung, MünsterArchitect In Charge:Rainer M, Kilian KresingDesign Team:Stefan Fuchs, Guido Becker, André Pannenbäcker, Jan TölleCity:MünsterCountry:GermanyMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© HG EschText description provided by the architects. Train of thoughts
What is it that people expect from a new large complex of dormitories? People expect such a housing complex to make efficient and effective use of expensive space by means of a log building system and straight borders. Right angles, paths and squares, symmetrical bike parking racks, benches and green spaces allow the surface to be used in an optimal manner; in addition, they make straight lines appear orderly and smooth.Save this picture!Site PlanSave this picture!© HG EschHowever, symmetry and efficient use of surfaces may also have a chilly and static effect.
Why is it that medieval urban structures with its crooked streets the ends of which are not visible, with its detailed structure and its scale, make us feel comfortable? What is it that attracts us in such a magic way, without mentioning the cute facades? It is the instantly sensual and physical effect, a sense of home in terms of warmth and security. Those with an architecture-academic mind may despicably say: ”A doll house!“. The body, however, exclaims: “That is exactly where I feel understood and cradled.”Save this picture!© HG EschThe complex of student housing erected at the Boeselagerstraße in the city of Münster takes up these ideas and, with a total of 535 residents on a living space of 18,000 m⇢ after all, creates a flowing, asymmetrically arranged urban space of its own which conveys an almost rural sense of security rather than having an intimidating effect.Save this picture!SectionSave this picture!SectionSave this picture!SectionThe core of the strategy is formed by four building blocks. They have the same basic form without copying one another though; they rather act as true individuals, this impression being particularly supported by the way they are positioned. The building blocks themselves do not form any regular rectangles, the short sides have different lenghts, and there are no right angles. This slight shift alone causes dynamics in itself. The blocks are arranged asymmetrically towards one another, too, and they give the impression of randomly dropped puzzle pieces. Narrow passageways are created at those spots where the building blocks almost touch one another, whereas surprising triangular places emerge at those sites where these blocks are placed further away from one another.Save this picture!© HG EschThe play of contrasts – in this case narrowness and wideness – is typical of the complex of dormitories located next to the lake Aasee in Münster. The structures overlap – interior and exterior, high and low, condensed and decondensed –, as do the functionalities.Save this picture!© HG EschConsequently, there are not just either public or private areas, but there are many gradings and intensities, similar to structures typical of a city from the so-called Gründerzeit (years of rapid industrial expansion in Germany at the end of the 19th century). There are the clearly public spaces, the streets and paths, the main squares, created by means of the asymmetrical building blocks irregularly positioned towards one another. There are paths, verandas and stairways close to the house which, although being public parts, answer to both the immediate access to the individual houses and to the residents’ recreation and which are therefore a little bit more private than the main paths. This differentiation between public and non-public areas is supported by hedges, walls and fences as well as by private stairways leading to the upper floor levels.
Save this picture!© HG EschThe four building blocks themselves form four closed interior courtyards; and here, too, it seems quite logical to make use of the analogy with the classical building block. The blocks are restful and intimate, but create the shared location of a clearly defined community, and of the urban block.
The building blocks are shaped and formulated in a sophisticated way. They each consists of four main houses and four rear houses thus creating angles and corners, opened-out areas and narrowing spots as well as beautiful diagonal views in the interior courtyard. The main side of the house leading to the main paths also varies in height and thus leads to an optical denticulation of the interior (courtyard) and of the exterior (public areas) space. The character of community and block is underlined by the maximum of four floor levels. Everything appears overlapping, small and detailed, despite a lateral length of 75 meters.Save this picture!© HG EschThe colors of the frontages provide for vividness.The luscious color shades and their intense brightness create a sense of intimacy and sympathy. The red is a tomato red, the yellow is a sun yellow, the green is a grass green, and the blue color created by Ives Klein reminds people of things like the sky, the sea, the sun, and southern countries. Combined with white-colored frames that are irregularly positioned around the windows, this builds up a positive chain of associations, a Mediterranean, relaxed, liberal and open flair, which maybe is also young and playful. The nuances may be quite different depending on the various persons, but the linkage of thoughts is always a positive one.Save this picture!© HG EschWhat thanks to a very sophisticated ground plan and the absence of parallel block borders and paths still gives an academic impression when taking a look on the layout plan, makes visitors feel homy and be curious right away. The visual relationships are dynamic; sometimes, the view is stopped; sometimes, it is redirected, and there are other spots where unexpected places open up. Upon the first visit, nothing is predictable, and the walk through the areal turns out to be a sequence of visual surprises.Save this picture!© HG EschHere, the relationships among the individual elements, i. e. the urban qualities, are almost as important as the individual design. Real spaces have been created, which are usable, individual and urban spaces and not just a temporary scenery of dormitories. This is where people do not only study and sleep, but this is where they spend the entire day, optionally together with the residents of the same house, of the same block, or of the total areal.Save this picture!Floor PlanThe living spaces of the apartments range from 25 m⇢ to 180 m⇢, depending on whether you consider a 1- room, 2-room or 3-room apartment or one of the collective apartments with 5 integrated apartments. The quality of urban building and a high living quality as well as flexible ground plans were crucialrequirements indicated yet in the invitation to tender. The quarter, which was erected in passive house standard, allows mixed coexistence of students, families and elderly people, with the concept of barrier- free buildung having consistently been adhered to. Depending on the further development of the number of students, there might be a purely non-student living area one day. In any case, the given infrastructure is able to meet such kind of demands. There is a pub, a kiosk, a daycare facility for children, a launderette, as well as other community facilities.Save this picture!© HG EschProject gallerySee allShow lessRIBA ARHITEKTI Creates Ceramic Mosaic for ETI ShowroomArchitecture NewsAustralian Institute of Architects Announce 2014 National AwardsArchitecture NewsProject locationAddress:Boeselager Street 75, 48163 Münster, GermanyLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share “COPY” Year:  Germany Boeselburg Council and Student Housing / Kresings GmbH photographs:  HG EschPhotographs:  HG Esch ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/561889/boeselburg-council-and-student-housing-kresings-gmbh Clipboard ArchDaily Photographs Housing 2014 “COPY” Architects: Kresings Architektur Year Completion year of this architecture project 2014 Projects Save this picture!© HG Esch+ 47 Share Boeselburg Council and Student Housing / Kresings GmbHSave this projectSaveBoeselburg Council and Student Housing / Kresings GmbH RMP Stephan Lenzen Landschaftsarchitekten CopyHousing, Dorms•Münster, Germany ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/561889/boeselburg-council-and-student-housing-kresings-gmbh Clipboard Landscape Architect: CopyAbout this officeKresings ArchitekturOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingEducational ArchitectureOther facilitiesDormsMünsterHousingEducationalResidentialGermanyPublished on November 07, 2014Cite: “Boeselburg Council and Student Housing / Kresings GmbH” 07 Nov 2014. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Read commentsBrowse the CatalogFaucetshansgroheKitchen Mixers – Aquno Select M81Vinyl Walls3MVinyl Finishes in HealthPartners Regions HospitalPartitionsSkyfoldWhere to Increase Flexibility in SchoolsCoffee tablesBoConceptMadrid Coffee Table AD19SkylightsLAMILUXFlat Roof Exit Comfort DuoMetallicsTrimoMetal Panels for Roofs – Trimoterm SNVSkylightsVELUX CommercialModular Skylights in Atelier Zimmerlistrasse OfficeStonesNeolithSintered Stone – Iron Moss – Iron CollectionCeramicsTerrealTerracotta Facade in Manchester HospitalWoodBlumer LehmannConsulting and Engineering in Wood ProjectsGlassBendheimLuminous Mirrored GlassWire MeshTwentinoxMetal Mesh – Golf Romeo 7More products »Read commentsSave世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

Art Center Presents Unique Dual Exhibit Showcasing Student Travels to Cuba and Germany

first_img 20 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Business News Make a comment center column 2 Art Center Presents Unique Dual Exhibit Showcasing Student Travels to Cuba and Germany Story by BRANDON VILLALOVOS | Photography by ArtCenter College of Design Published on Wednesday, December 7, 2016 | 11:57 pm HerbeautyThe Most Heartwarming Moments Between Father And DaughterHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyCostume That Makes Actresses Beneath Practically UnrecognizableHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyRed Meat Is Dangerous And Here Is The ProofHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Countries Where Men Have Difficulties Finding A WifeHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyThis Trend Looks Kind Of Cool!HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeauty EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Top of the News Community News Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *center_img Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Community News Art Center presented two unique visual exhibits that showcased student work based on separate immersive trips to both Cuba and Berlin Wednesday evening in the form of interactive and multi sensory displays aimed to provide a snapshot into the daily lives of these foreign lands.Here at ‘Fresh Eyes Cuba’ you’re virtually in Cuba. You experience the sights, the sounds, the smells, the tastes and the touch of being in Havana, Cuba,” said Art Center’s Graphic Design Chair Nikolaus Hafermaas.Fresh Eyes Cuba is a 14 week transdisciplinary ArtCenter studio course organized around a 10-day immersive trip to Havana, Cuba that took place in early October. Faculty and students lived in Havana and collaborated with the Instituto de Diseño (ISDi), Cuba’s design school. The Fresh Eyes Cuba was made possible by Art Center’s award winning Designmatters social impact department.“We lived there, we worked there, we collaborated,” said Hafermaas.“This whole exhibition that you see here is designed in the Cuban spirit of every Cuban is a designer. Why is everyone a designer? Because there is so much scarcity in things that we take for granted here in the United States. So to make due, to improvise, to create something out of nothing is that kind of resourcefulness and is something that our students learned here,” said Hafermaas.The pop up installations, as they’re called, featured photography, video projections, home made musical instruments and other works that were directly inspired by student experiences while in Havana.“All the digital assets that we collected are brought back into scale, into space-into what we call ‘media texture installations’,” said Hafermaas.The other half of the exhibit was dedicated to the Berlin exhibit called CITY_X.The creative focus of this 90-day studio in the German capital is the re-imagination of the soon-to-be-closed Tegel International Airport as a Smart City. Named the “Urban Tech Republic,” this ambitious private/public initiative will transform the former inner city airport into a research venue and model city for sustainable green technology on an urban scale.“Our Test Lab Berlin project was about how to connect the Urban Tech Republic to that creative industry of Berlin. What you see here in the exhibition are four distinctively different strategies ofnhow to engage the hackers, the tinkerers, the artists, the musicians that live in Berlin—that thrive in Berlin—with that ambitious Urban Tech Republic,” explained Hafermaas.The dual exhibit represented the worldly opportunities that Art Center provides its students to help create well-rounded artists.“To become a thriving artist and designer in all of the world, you also have to be able to immerse yourself in very different cultures. You have to go out of your comfort zone and you have to immerse yourself in something that’s completely different from where you’re from. Going both to Cuba and to Berlin for the other group are prime examples of what we do,” said Hafermaas.Click here to view more photos of the exhibits. Subscribe More Cool Stuff faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. First Heatwave Expected Next Week last_img read more

Rugby legend tackles COVID-19 mental health

first_img Loading… Promoted ContentYou’ve Only Seen Such Colorful Hairdos In A Handful Of AnimeWho Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?7 Ways To Understand Your Girlfriend BetterCouples Who Celebrated Their Union In A Unique, Unforgettable WayDiscover How Women From Famous Paintings Looked Like In Real Life8 Things You Didn’t Know About Coffee10 Phones That Can Easily Fit In The Smallest PocketBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For Them10 Of The Most Successful Female Racers To Know AboutWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?These TV Characters Proved That Any 2 People Can Bury The Hatchet7 Universities In The World With The Highest Market Value After years battling his own demons, All Black legend John Kirwan is attempting to help fellow Kiwis struggling through COVID-19 lockdown by releasing a mobile phone app he calls “a mental wellbeing coach in your pocket”.The World Cup winning winger broke one of sport’s great taboos after a stellar international career when he revealed his struggles with depression, helping explode the myth that on-field glory equates to happiness off the pitch.Former All Black John Kirwan has been candid about his struggles with depression “I had medical depression, I was on anti-depressants — I wanted to jump out of a window one night,” Kirwan told AFP in a telephone interview. “I’ve got learned experience in this space.” Such is Kirwan’s passion for speaking out about mental health that when he was knighted in 2012 it was his pioneering advocacy, not his exploits in a black jersey, that earned him the award. After writing two memoirs on the topic, Kirwan has in recent years devoted himself to a more hi-tech means of communication, a mobile phone app called Mentemia. The app uses personality tests and cognitive games to build up a picture of the user and provide tips for reducing stress. These include breathing techniques, mood tracking, action plans for boosting mental wellbeing or simple reminders to take some time out during a busy day. While it may sound warm and fuzzy, Kirwan points out that it was developed with a team of clinical psychologists using evidence-based techniques. “The journey I went on was very much about listening to professionals and understanding what they were telling me,” he said. “This information is already out there, it’s about getting that science and knowledge and delivering it to people in a way that’s engaging.” – ‘I knew what was coming’ – Mentemia — meaning “my mind” in Italian — was originally envisaged as a tool to help large corporations reduce stress in the workforce. But as the coronavirus crisis deepened, Kirwan and his business partners became convinced it could play a positive role in helping New Zealanders cope during the pandemic. “I’ve got family in Italy and I knew what was coming up, so we sat down as a business and said ‘What should we do?’” said Kirwan, whose wife Fiorella hails from Italy and whose son Niko plays for Serie C football club Reggina.“The right thing to do was to gift it to the whole of New Zealand.”center_img Kirwan’s mental health app, Mentemia, is available free to New Zealanders Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s government proved receptive to the idea and last week the app was made available free to all New Zealanders as part of the COVID-19 health response. “It provides users with practical tips and techniques to help them take control of their mental wellbeing,” Health Minister David Clark said. Kirwan, now 55, said his personal situation had long since transformed “from surviving to thriving” thanks to the techniques available on the app. “I’ve got a very simple mental health plan — this morning I got up and had a shower, but the secret to the shower was being able to stop and enjoy the water,” he said. “Then I had a little half-hour workout and after that I sat down and had a coffee. Already today I’ve done three things to contribute to my mental wellbeing.” Kirwan, a World Rugby Hall of Famer with 63 Test caps, said he was one of many keenly missing the absence of sport as a distraction during difficult times. “I think it’s having an incredible impact. I love my rugby, I love my football — sport to me is part of my mental health, so I’m missing it hugely,” he said. Read Also: Golf: PGA says Ryder Cup without fans under consideration He said there was a widespread acknowledgement of the strains COVID-19 was placing on people and he hoped to provide the tools to help cope. “I interviewed a lot of young men developing the app and they’d say ‘My mind’s a treadmill, can you stop it?’” he said. “I said I can stop mine but you need to pick up the techniques yourself so you can do it yourself.” FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 last_img read more

90 pounds of marijuana inside barrel washes ashore in Florida Keys

first_imgA plastic barrel filled with 90 pounds of marijuana washed ashore in the Florida Keys on Thursday.Monroe County Sheriff’s Office spokesman Adam Linhardt said five large plastic bags of marijuana were found inside the blue barrel, which was discovered in the water near the shore in Marathon.U.S. Border Patrol agents were called to the scene to collect the the marijuana.last_img

The End is Near…Have you Met your Deductible?

first_imgSubmitted by Foot & Ankle Surgical AssociatesThe end of the year is approaching faster than we might have liked.  It’s time to “Use it or Lose it!”The staff of Foot & Ankle Surgical Associates would like to remind you that your new insurance period begins January 1 2015.  Now is a great time to take advantage of those deductibles being met and schedule your appointment before the end of the year.We have three clinics to serve South Sound patients including Tumwater, Yelm and Centralia offices.  We offer a broad range of services from both our podiatry clinic and Medi-Spa.  Whether your problem is minor, such as persistent toenail fungus, or quite serious, such as sever planter fasciitis, the doctors and staff at all our clinics can help.Our office is also participating in a food drive to help fill the local food banks of our Tumwater, Centralia and Yelm offices. We would greatly appreciate any donation of non-perishable food.Visit our website for more information or follow us on Facebook. Facebook5Tweet0Pin0last_img read more

Elizabeth Browndorf and Christopher Toolan

first_imgJoel and Mara Browndorf, Red Bank, are pleased to announce the engagement of their daughter, Elizabeth Stowe, to Christopher O’Connor Toolan, son of Carol Toolan, Rumson and the late John Edward Toolan, Jr.Elizabeth is a graduate of Arizona State University where she earned a bachelor’s degree in religious studies. She is currently employed by Tri-Coastal Design as the executive assistant to the divisional manager.Christopher is a graduate of Georgetown University where he earned a bachelor’s degree in finance. He is currently managing director in equities trading at Barclays.A June 2013 wedding is planned in Rumson.last_img read more

How The Web is Transforming Personal Finance

first_imgRelated Posts Editor’s note: This story is part of ReadWriteWeb’s Online Finance series, a weekly, three-month-long look at how the Internet has transformed finance. Up until April 15, which is the deadline for U.S. readers to file their taxes, we’ll be looking at how online finance has evolved, analyzing top web tools and posting video of our conversations with the people who are shaping online finance. If you are interested in sponsoring the rest of this Content Series on Personal Finance, please contact our COO Sean Ammirati.Mint: Leading the ChargeCurrently, the two most well-known online tools for personal finance management are arguably Mint and Intuit’s Quicken Online. Mint stood out from the pack early on because the company made it extremely easy to keep track of all your expenses. After giving Mint access to your bank and credit card account, the service simply downloads your financial information at regular intervals and organizes it. Mint can even track your 401(k) for you. Mint launched in September 2007 and quickly became the darling of the Web 2.0 world. Unlike most of its desktop-bound competitors, Mint managed to talk to virtually every bank and credit card issuer from day one. In October 2008, Mint came out of beta. Today, the company has more than 1.7 million registered users and sees roughly 700,000 active users every month. In October 2009, the company was signing up 30,000 new users per week. Mint’s success didn’t go unnoticed by the incumbent market leaders and Intuit acquired Mint in October 2009. In November 2009, Intuit announced that it would begin to phase out Quicken Online in favor of Mint. Microsoft suspended sales of Microsoft Money on June 30, 2009 and doesn’t plan to compete in the market anymore. Correction: In December, Microsoft actually announced a plan to enter the personal finance market again with a Mint-like tool it is developing in collaboration with Citi.Beyond MintWhile Mint gets most of the mindshare on the web these days, it’s by no means the only player in this market. Indeed, the success of Mint has given rise to a plethora of similar tools and legitimizes the efforts of companies that tried to enter this market before Mint. ClearCheckbook.com, for example, launched in May 2006. The company focuses on bringing checkbook management online. A number of other tools are competing more directly with Mint. Wesabe, for example, also focuses on giving users an overview of how they spend their money. Sadly, Wesabe makes downloading your information from your checking and credit card accounts a bit more difficult than Mint. Since acquiring Exepnsr, Strands now also offers its own personal finance tool for setting up and tracking personal budgets and staying on top of your finances. Geezeo – which was founded in 2006, and also looks a lot like Mint, has a very strong focus on budgeting.Most of these tools focus on the U.S. market, but more and more of them are also now available outside of the United States. Kublax, for example, offers a Mint-like service in the U.K.Going MobileJust like almost every other category of online tools, personal finance tools are also making the move to mobile. Mint and Wesabe, for example, offer both an iPhone app and mobile-optimized websites. Most importantly, all of these services are also able to send out alerts to your phone – either through push alerts on the iPhone or as text messages. Whenever you run the risk of exceeding your credit card limit, for example, these services will send you an alert. Of course, a number of banks have also gotten into this game and now offer their own mobile apps. The Bank of America, Chase Mobile and Wells Fargo apps are currently among the top 10 most downloaded free finance iPhone apps, for example.When it comes to paying your bills, apps like BillMinder and BillTracker make it easy to never forget when a bill is due. What’s Next?Over the last few years, the web has clearly transformed the way we use personal finance software. Over the next few months, we will have a closer look at the current generation of personal budgeting and finance tools on the web. We will also analyze the current trends around online finance software.This is the first post in our upcoming series about online finance. If you are interested in sponsoring the rest of this Content Series on Online Finance, please contact our COO Sean Ammirati. Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#Features#Finance#Product Reviews#Trends#web frederic lardinois Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…center_img Not too long ago, personal finance tools like Quicken and Microsoft Money used to be bound to the desktop. Exchanging information with your banks used to be a hassle. Keeping track of credit card purchases was often a question of waiting for statements to arrive by mail and then entering data by hand. Today, free tools like Mint, moneyStrands and Wesabe make it easy to track all of this information. Thanks to this, you can now get a better overview of your personal finances than ever before. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… RWW’s Online Finance Series:How The Web is Transforming Personal FinanceThe Evolving Online Finance Ecosystemlast_img read more

California’s Solar Panel Edict

first_imgGarth Heutel is an associate professor of economics at Georgia State University. This post originally appeared at The Conversation. Environmental economics 101Many renewable energy experts, including economists like me, want governments to do something to address climate change but question the mandate.University of California, Berkeley economist Severin Borenstein summed up this take in his open letter to the California Energy Commission opposing the rule. University of California, Davis economist James Bushnell also opposes the mandate for similar reasons.Above all, what we economists call “command-and-control policies” like this mandate — inflexible requirements that apply to everyone — often don’t make sense. For example, going solar is less economical in some cases. Even in sunny California, builders can construct housing in shady areas, and not all homeowners use enough electricity for the investment to pay off before they move away.The mandate does have some exemptions tied to shade and available roof space, but there could property owners subjected to the requirement to own or lease solar panels who might consider it unreasonable.We tend to think that “market-based policies” would work better. By relying on incentives instead of requirements, people get to decide for themselves what to do.Good examples of these policies include a tax on pollution, like British Columbia’s carbon tax, or a cap-and-trade market, like the European Union’s Emissions Trading System. Instead of restricting the right to pollute, these approaches make people and businesses pay to pollute, either through taxation or by buying mandatory permits.The flexibility of market-based policies can make meeting pollution reduction goals cost-effective. When people — or businesses — have to factor the costs of pollution into their decision-making, they have a financial incentive to pollute less and will find ways to do so. By reducing pollution as cheaply as possible, more money is left over to spend on other pressing needs like housing, health care and education.This advantage is not merely theoretical. By many accounts, market-based policies have successfully worked according to theory, including the U.S. sulfur dioxide trading program and the EU’s carbon trading program.California itself has a cap-and-trade market. I believe that expanding and improving it would cut carbon emissions more cost-effectively than the solar mandate would.Many economists also fear that the mandate will worsen California’s housing unaffordability. This crisis has many causes, such as restrictive zoning regulations that curtail construction. But the solar-panel requirement, which could increase the cost of a new home by more than $10,000, probably won’t help, even though supporters of the policy argue that the solar panels will pay for themselves in terms of lower monthly electricity costs. More than two sidesYou might expect the debate over this policy, which became official when the California Energy Commission unanimously voted in favor of it on May 8, to pit two well-defined camps against each other.Environmentalists who prize fighting climate change might love it due to a presumption that increasing the share of power California derives from solar panels will reduce greenhouse gas emissions by cutting demand for natural gas and coal.On the other hand, those who question whether the costs of addressing climate change are worth it might hate the solar mandate, since they either see no benefits or think the benefits aren’t worth the costs. More California rooftops will soon sport solar panels, partly due to a new state mandate requiring them for all new houses and low-rise residential buildings by 2020.This rule immediately sparked lively debates. Even experts who generally advocate for solar energy expressed skepticism that it was actually a good idea.As an environmental economist who studies the design of environmental policies, I believe that doing something about climate change is important, but I don’t consider this new solar mandate to be the best way to achieve that goal. I’m also concerned that it could exacerbate problems with California’s housing market. But there are more than two sides. A practical policyAfter mulling all the various arguments made by these different camps, I don’t think that whether California’s rooftop solar mandate is the perfect policy for the climate or the state’s homebuyers is the question.The answer to that question is a resounding no — but that is beside the point because no policy is perfect. The key question is whether this policy — given its imperfections and given the difficulty in passing more cost-effective policies — is a winner overall. That question is harder to answer.Ultimately, I believe the mandate will yield some environmental benefits, though they could be more cost-effectively achieved through other means. The solar mandate’s fansThe solar mandate’s defenders, including Gov. Jerry Brown and Sierra Club leader Rachel Golden, make several arguments — two of which I find credible.The first is what I’d call the “Panglossian” argument, after the character in Candide, Voltaire’s 18th-century classic satire. In what Voltaire would call “the best of all possible worlds,” taxing carbon would make perfect sense.But this is a world riddled with political obstacles that make enacting almost any climate policy next to impossible. If a big American state can enact an imperfect law like this mandate that might do some good, then it should go for it.The other argument I find reasonable is that by drumming up more demand, the solar mandate will expand the solar panel market — thereby driving solar costs down, perhaps more quickly than a carbon tax would. There’s some evidence supporting the theory that these mandates can spur innovation in renewable electricity technologies.If the mandate works out, it might address two issues at once: shrinking California’s carbon footprint and bolstering technological progress in the solar industry.To be sure, the cost of residential solar panels has plummeted in recent years, although generating solar energy through rooftop panels remains less cost-effective than power from utility-scale solar farms. RELATED ARTICLES California Poised to Require Solar PanelsThe California ModelTo Net Zero and Beyond The Department of Energy Chooses a Definition for Net ZeroBuilding a Low-Cost Zero-Energy HomeRevisiting Net Zero Energylast_img read more

10 months agoArsenal boss Emery: We can only make loan signings

first_imgArsenal boss Emery: We can only make loan signingsby Freddie Taylor10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveArsenal manager Unai Emery has confirmed the club will only sign loan players this month. The Gunners want to bring Barcelona midfielder Denis Suarez to the Emirates, but are reluctant to part with a fee for the 25-year-old. And Emery has confirmed the club are only looking for temporary signings.”We cannot sign anyone permanently,” Emery said ahead of the Gunners’ game against West Ham on Saturday. “Only loan players this January.”Asked specifically about Suarez, Emery added: “I do not know his situation.”But I know the club is working for the possibility of players who can help us with this condition (on loan).” TagsTransfersAbout the authorFreddie TaylorShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Ontario probes development on ancient FNs village site

first_imgAPTN National NewsThe province of Ontario has launched an investigation to find out whether human remains were extracted from a development on an ancient First Nations village site.An archaeologist hired by the developer initially told APTN National News that bones were found on the site, but then denied the claim.APTN National News reporter Wayne Roberts pulls the pieces together.last_img