Foraging ecology of albatrosses and petrels from South Georgia: two decades of insights from tracking technologies

first_img1. A wide range of instrumentation has been deployed on albatrosses and petrels at Bird Island, South Georgia, in studies dating back to the mid-1980s. Early results indicated the huge distances that albatrosses and large petrels travelled within the breeding season. More recent data show the capacity for sustained ground speeds >100 km h-1, taking advantage of the local wind field. Migrants can cover >750-950 km day-1; one grey-headed albatross circumnavigated the Southern Ocean in only 46 days.2. Improved coverage of different life-history stages and seasons has revealed striking variation in distribution in relation to seasonality of resources and reproductive constraints. There is often a degree of sexual segregation, and, typically, marked individual differences in primary wintering areas and timing of migration that persist from year to year.3. Although there is considerable inter-specific spatial segregation, habitat preferences can overlap, and the intensity of competition is then reduced by differences in behaviour (degree of nocturnal activity, diving capability and manoeuvrability). Migrants appear to avoid congeners and conspecifics from other populations mainly through differences in timing of movements.4. More detailed analyses of activity patterns suggest that birds adjust flight behaviour at multiple spatial scales. Albatrosses are much more active during daylight than darkness probably because they find it more difficult to locate prey at night. Nonetheless, a substantial proportion of prey may be captured in darkness using a sit-and-wait tactic. Use of stomach temperature probes also suggests a higher proportion of the diet consists of gelatinous organisms than is indicated from analyses of stomach contents collected at the colony.5. Many albatrosses and large petrels are experiencing widespread population declines. Tracking data that allow the determination of the degree of overlap between birds and fisheries, and hence potential vulnerability to bycatch, are of increasing conservation relevance.last_img read more

Antarctic temperature variability and change from station data

first_imgVariability and change in near‐surface air temperature at 17 Antarctic stations is examined using data from the SCAR READER database. We consider the relationships between temperature, and atmospheric circulation, sea ice concentration and forcing by the tropical oceans. All 17 stations have their largest inter‐annual temperature variability during the winter and the annual mean temperature anomalies are dominated by winter temperatures. The large inter‐annual temperature variability on the western Antarctic Peninsula has decreased over the instrumental period as sea ice has declined. Variability in the phase of the SAM exerts the greatest control of temperatures, although tropical Pacific forcing has also played a large part, along with local atmospheric circulation variability at some locations. The relationship of positive (negative) SAM and high (low) Peninsula and low (high) East Antarctic temperatures was not present before the mid‐1970s. Thirteen of the 17 stations have experienced a positive trend in their annual mean temperature over the full length of their record, with the largest being at Vernadsky (formerly Faraday) (0.46° ± 0.15 C dec−1) on the western side of the Antarctic Peninsula. The deepening of the Amundsen Sea Low as a result of the more positive SAM and changes in the IPO and PDO have contributed to the warming of the Peninsula. Beyond the Antarctic Peninsula there has been little significant change in temperature. The two plateau stations had a small cooling from the late 1970s to the late 1990s consistent with the SAM becoming positive, but have subsequently warmed. During spring there has been an Antarctic‐wide warming, with all but one station having experienced an increase in temperature, although the only trends that were significant were at Vostok, Scott base, Vernadsky and Amundsen‐Scott. In this season much of the Peninsula/West Antarctic warming can be attributed to tropical Pacific forcing through the IPO/PDO.last_img read more

US Navy Awards HM&E Contract to AMSEC LLC

first_img View post tag: to View post tag: AMSEC Industry news View post tag: Naval US Navy Awards HM&E Contract to AMSEC LLC View post tag: News by topic View post tag: HME View post tag: LLC View post tag: awardscenter_img View post tag: Navy Huntington Ingalls Industries announced today that its AMSEC LLC subsidiary has been awarded a contract by the U.S. Navy for functions related to integrated logistics support for Hull, Mechanical and Electrical (HM&E) technical data development, maintenance and management services.The indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity, cost-plus-fixed-fee contract contains a base period with two one-year option periods which, if exercised, would bring the cumulative value of the contract to approximately $22 million.“AMSEC has more than 30 years of experience delivering complete logistics and HM&E services to the U.S. fleet,” said Harris Leonard, HII vice president and president of AMSEC operations. “We look forward to expanding our current support to carriers, surface ships, watercraft and submarines.”The contract is for electronic publishing, technical manual development, logistics engineering, planned maintenance system, supply and training development for HM&E logistics support.The work will be performed primarily at AMSEC’s Newport News location and at its work sites in Philadelphia; San Diego; Mayport, Fla.; Everett, Wash.; and Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. If all options are awarded, the work is expected to be completed by September 2014. The Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC), Carderock Division, Philadelphia Detachment is the contracting activity.“We have an outstanding relationship with our customer that has developed over many years of providing them world-class logistics services, and we look forward to fostering that relationship,” said William Rumschlag, AMSEC’s division manager for work performed under this contract.AMSEC LLC is a subsidiary of Huntington Ingalls Industries. With approximately 2,000 employees in 27 locations nationwide and overseas, AMSEC is a full-service supplier to the Navy and commercial maritime industry, providing naval architecture and marine engineering, naval ship systems assessments, maintenance engineering, waterfront maintenance support, acquisition program support, shipyard industrial engineering and C4I installation and support services. AMSEC also provides life-cycle integrated logistics services, including technical manual development, provisioning documentation, spare parts management, training development and delivery, and software development.Huntington Ingalls Industries (HII) designs, builds and maintains nuclear and non-nuclear ships for the U.S. Navy and Coast Guard and provides after-market services for military ships around the globe. For more than a century, HII has built more ships in more ship classes than any other U.S. naval shipbuilder. Employing nearly 38,000 in Virginia, Mississippi, Louisiana and California, its primary business divisions are Newport News Shipbuilding​​ and Ingalls Shipbuilding​​.[mappress]Source: huntingtoningalls, September 21, 2011; View post tag: contract View post tag: US Back to overview,Home naval-today US Navy Awards HM&E Contract to AMSEC LLC September 21, 2011 Share this articlelast_img read more

HMS Westminster Hones Her Hunter-Killer Technique with Italian Navy

first_imgBack to overview,Home naval-today HMS Westminster Hones Her Hunter-Killer Technique with Italian Navy View post tag: Anti-Submarine Share this article September 3, 2013 HMS Westminster Hones Her Hunter-Killer Technique with Italian Navy View post tag: Naval A Royal Navy warship on deployment in the Mediterranean has been flexing her hunter-killer technique in an anti-submarine warfare exercise with the Italian Navy. HMS Westminster is working as part of the Navy’s Response Force Task Group which is on an annual deployment to the Med and then the Gulf that tests the flexibility and capability of the force.Part of their tasking includes working alongside NATO allies – and in Westminster’s case this came in the form of the Italian destroyer Francesco Mimbelli and submarine Salvatore Pelosi.Taking turns to practise hunting for each other, the sailors from both ships and the submarine were put through their paces in an action packed few days. As well as testing sensors and weapon skills, the exercise also tested the reactions of those on board.There was also the chance for some of the sailors to experience life on board a partner nation’s vessel. From HMS Westminster, Medical Officer Lieutenant Moira McLellan spent two days on Mimbelli.She said:“It was a very enjoyable visit and interesting to see the similarities in the day to day workings of both navies.Aside from the anti-submarine exercise, HMS Westminster has been busy preparing for a wide range of tasks including seamanship, flying, gunnery and boarding as part of her Cougar deployment and also in preparation for her operations further afield.HMS Westminster is due to leave the Cougar force before the end of their deployment and take up station in the Gulf as one of the Royal Navy’s long-standing commitments to the region.The Commanding Officer of HMS Westminster, Captain Hugh Beard, said:“The ship’s company of Westminster have been working hard as part of our Cougar 13 deployment and also in preparation for our future mission.“As a former Submarine Commanding Officer, I am a poacher-turned-gamekeeper and I have really enjoyed my experience with the capabilities of Westminster to try to defeat the Italian submarine Pelosi.”The ships of Cougar 13 will operate in the Mediterranean, Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and Horn of Africa.This annual deployment involves exercising with partner nations, and will show the UK Armed Forces’ capacity to project an effective maritime component anywhere in the world as part of the Royal Navy’s Response Force Task Group, commanded by Commodore Paddy McAlpine from the Fleet Flagship HMS Bulwark.The RFTG is the United Kingdom’s high readiness maritime force, made up of ships, submarines, aircraft and a landing force of Royal Marines, at five days notice to act in response to any contingency tasking including humanitarian disaster relief or international military intervention.As well as HMS Westminster there are three other Royal Navy ships – HMS Bulwark, HMS Illustrious and HMS Montrose taking part as supported by five Royal Fleet Auxiliary vessels.[mappress]Press Release, September 3, 2013; Image: Royal Navy View post tag: Defense View post tag: Hunter-Killer View post tag: Navycenter_img View post tag: Technique View post tag: Italian View post tag: HMS Training & Education View post tag: Hones View post tag: Westminster View post tag: Defence View post tag: News by topiclast_img read more

Somerville College sets up Skype room

first_imgSomerville College has set up a purpose built Skype room for the use of students and staff.According to Mr. Chris Bamber, the IT Systems Manager at Somerville College, “the Skype room is a meeting room with the addition of a fixed LDC monitor on one wall, with a computer, HD camera, conference desktop microphone, wireless mouse and keyboard, desks, chairs and a [VOIP] phone.” The phone has hands free facilities.As Mr. Bamber informed Cherwell, “any member of the College may book the room. [To book the room], they email the Bursary as per any other room booking”.During the admissions period, from the December 5th to December 19th, the Skype room is being used for interviewing applicants, and so is completely booked. Whether an international applicant has a Skype interview or not depends on their subject choice and country of origin.University regulations stipulate that any applicant applying for Medicine must be in Oxford for a face to face interview. If the candidate short-listed for an interview is a passport-holder from the European Economic Area (an EU country, Norway, Iceland or Liechtenstein) or from Switzerland, then they too must be present in Oxford for their interview. However, potential students from other parts of the world who cannot be in Oxford will be given a Skype interview, with no impact on the consideration their application is given.On this subject Mr. Bamber said, “The College identified a need for a room with fixed equipment capable of hosting a Skype (or other video or audio conference) interview or meeting to provide a better experience during online interviews. It enables up to six people to see and be seen during an interview, which is important for formal interview panels. Having the dedicated space means that minimal IT support is needed to conduct a video meeting. Prior to this, IT services would provide and set up a laptop and projector for any such requests. The room has been in use since the start of this term and has been used for group meetings, job interviews by students and now in use for Admission interviews.”Hannah Sharpe, a second year undergraduate from Somerville College, told Cherwell, “Personally, I know of the Skype room’s existence, but I’ve never used it myself, as the only Skyping I’ve ever really done is to family. I also don’t know anyone else who’s used it, but I can see that it could be useful for undergrads or grad students who are using Skype for an interview and want somewhere more formal and quiet to go than their rooms or the library. I think it’s a good idea to have a Skype room, although it could be a bit more advertised by the college to the students.”Anyone in Oxford can use Skype on the University Network, so Somerville students are still able to use Skype outside of the Skype room.The Skype room is located on the second floor of Maitland, in Somerville College. An anonymous second year undergraduate at Somerville commented, “Honestly I had no idea this room existed.”last_img read more

Ocean City Police Activity Report for Feb. 8 to 14

first_imgFebruary 12, 2015: ThursdayCalls for service: 52Motor Vehicle Stops: 15Motor Vehicle Accidents: 0Property Checks: 15Alarms: 4The Police Department assisted with 7 fire and 6 EMS callsWarrant, 1200 block Haven Ave., one in custody, at 7:56amHarassment, 1000 block Central Ave., at 9:47amWarrant, 1000 block West Ave., one in custody, at 12:51pm February 9, 2015: Monday Calls for service: 77Motor Vehicle Stops: 30Motor Vehicle Accidents: 0Property Checks: 28Alarms: 1The Police Department assisted with 5 Fire and 6 EMS callsHarassment, 600 block Haven Ave., at 8:11amWarrant, 36th St., one in custody, at 9:56amBurglary, 1400 block Haven Ave., at 10:30am February 11, 2015: WednesdayCalls for service: 87Motor Vehicle Stops: 35Motor Vehicle Accidents: 1Property Checks: 24Alarms: 3The Police Department assisted with 8 fire and 9 EMS callsMotor vehicle accident, 12th St. & Asbury Ave., at 9:42amHarassment, 1300 block Asbury Ave., at 1:10pmWarrant, 800 block Central Ave., one in custody, at 5:09pmFight, 500 block Atlantic Ave., at 5:37pmTheft, 5400 block Simpson Ave., at 9:04pm February 10, 2015: TuesdayCalls for service: 64Motor Vehicle Stops: 14Motor Vehicle Accidents: 0Property Checks: 22Alarms: 3The Police Department assisted with 4 fire and 8 EMS callsTheft, 900 block Wesley Ave., at 12:57pmWarrant, Route 52, one in custody, at 3:08pm OCEAN CITY POLICE SUMMARIZED WEEK’S ACTIVITIESFebruary 8 – 14, 2015 PUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS:Just a reminder that it is a violation of a City Ordinance to have dogs on the boardwalk anytime during the year.City Ordinance 87-17sec.4-32 prohibits any Boat/Trailer over 22 feet in overall length from being parked on a city street. Any boat/trailer less than 22 feet in overall length can only remain on a city street for three consecutive days. Officers will be issuing summons and towing boats/trailers for any observed violations. Ocean City Police Department February 8, 2015: Sunday                                                Calls for service: 76Motor Vehicle Stops: 35Motor Vehicle Accidents: 0Property Checks: 16Alarms: 6The Police Department assisted with 2 Fire and 8 EMS callsWarrant, 700 block Central Ave., one in custody, at 12:14pm February 14, 2015: Saturday Calls for service: 67Motor Vehicle Stops: 10Motor Vehicle Accidents: 0Property Checks: 20Alarms: 3The Police Department assisted with 7 fire and 4 EMS callsWarrant, 1000 block Ocean Ave., one in custody, at 8:22amWarrant, Route 52, one in custody, at 2:20pmCriminal mischief, 1200 block Asbury Ave., at 3:54pm February 13, 2015: FridayCalls for service: 73Motor Vehicle Stops: 19Motor Vehicle Accidents: 1Property Checks: 18Alarms: 8The Police Department assisted with 3 fire and 3 EMS callsVerbal dispute, 16th St., at 11)8amWarrant, 900 block West Ave., one in custody, at 12:45pmMotor vehicle accident, 1700 block Simpson Ave., at 1:56pmFraud, 2200 block Bay Ave., at 3:09pmDomestic violence, Bayview Pl., at 8:01pmlast_img read more

The thin white line

first_img£285,000 – that’s the value of 10kg of ketamine, seized by police from the luggage of a 27 year-old Indian national at Kuala Lumpur International airport, camouflaged – ingeniously enough – as flour. Bags of white powder, eh – who’d have thought of checking that? The irony is, the way flour prices are going, people could soon be smuggling flour under the guise of ketamine.More creative – though equally inept – was a 22-year-old American who is accused of balling up pieces of bread and selling them as crack cocaine to senior citizens in a Florida nursing home. “He was trying to sell these pieces of crack for $5 apiece to elderly citizens and, clearly, trying to take advantage of them,” said one report, which failed to ask the obvious question: what are senior citizens doing on crack?last_img read more

Border Biscuits highlights opportunity for café owners

first_imgHygiene, food quality and comfort are top priorities for consumers when visiting cafes, according to Border Biscuits.The company said 88% of consumers directly link the quality of the biscuit offer to the quality of the establishment. As such, Border Biscuits suggests café operators shouldn’t look to trade down on elements like premium biscuits as an incremental purchase with a hot drink or takeaway snack.The Lanarkshire-based company added that 60% of those questioned as part of its own research, which saw 300 people polled, chose Border Biscuits from a list of the top five ranking premium brands as the one they trust most.With heightened concerns over hygiene, the research also found that more than half of those questioned would be more confident buying a pre-packaged portion of Border Biscuits as opposed to a handmade cake or cookie that had been put on display.“In this new world where we have learned to really savour and appreciate life’s little joys, we’re demonstrating the power of small but premium touches in crafting the perfect first impression,” said Suzie Carlaw, Border Biscuits’ marketing manager.“Our research confirms that brand power goes a long way in providing much-needed reassurance to returning customers. We’re proud to offer operators a helping hand and one less thing to worry over as they prepare to once again welcome customers through their doors.”last_img read more

HSPH ranked most social media friendly school of public health for 2012

first_imgHarvard School of Public Health (HSPH) was crowned the most social media friendly school of public health in the first-ever ranking by the website MPHProgramsList.com. The site scored 57 schools on their social media activity, awarding points for the number of followers and posts on popular platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and LinkedIn.The November 1, 2012 post announcing the award states, “For colleges and universities trying to attract prospective students, social media is no longer optional.”last_img read more

Mayoral winner promises changes

first_imgAs Democrat Pete Buttigieg celebrated an easy victory in South Bend’s mayoral election Tuesday, he called students to take ownership of the city and work with the local government to solve its problems. Buttigieg was a favorite since the spring primary and defeated Republican Wayne Curry and Libertarian Patrick Farrell. “When I entered this race in January, not many people believed that a young man with a funny name who had never held office before could earn the confidence of a community at a turning point,” Buttigieg said in his victory speech. “But together we have shown that South Bend can transcend old barriers, move beyond old habits and take a chance on a new way forward.” As he addressed the crowd at South Bend’s West Side Democratic Club, Buttigieg said his victory begins “a different kind of campaign.” “Now we have to turn our attention to a new kind of campaign, not a campaign for a candidate, but a campaign for our city, a campaign to make our city stronger and better and safer and cleaner,” he said. Buttigieg said an immediate focus would be economic development. “We are going to gather the leadership of this community to deliver a new economic direction, building on our greatest strengths true to our tradition but looking for new sources of wealth and income and prosperity,” he said. “We must take new risks and create new opportunities. We must, we can, we will, and it all starts tonight.” Notre Dame and its students can play a critical role in the city’s development, Buttigieg told The Observer. “I really need students to get involved,” he said. “In order for our city to move forward, we need to harness the brain power and the energy and the labor of Notre Dame students who should really feel ownership of this city, whether they grew up here or not.” Buttigieg said the University’s recent efforts to engage with the local community are a step in the right direction. “It starts one-on-one,” Buttigieg said. “I’m going to be on campus frequently talking about some of the ways we can work together, and I’m going to be as receptive as I can be to student perspectives and University perspectives. We really need each other to succeed. One of the things I love about my timing is that the University has this newfound interest in engaging with the city, and I can’t wait to take them up on that.” While the College Republicans Club said it did not contribute to Curry’s campaign, many Notre Dame students worked with Buttigieg leading up to his election.   Senior Matt LaFortune worked on Buttigieg’s staff as the field director for his campaign. He worked with Congressman Joe Donnelly’s campaign efforts last year and joined the Buttigieg campaign in August. “I helped organize the volunteer activities because we had a lot of volunteers interested in helping with Pete’s campaign,” LaFortune said. LaFortune, a South Bend native, said his responsibilities included organizing volunteers as they placed calls and canvased throughout the city. “The best part was being able to get to know a guy like Pete,” LaFortune said. “He is really going to bring a lot of change to South Bend … Being an ND student and also being from South Bend, I wanted to see a fresh start for this city, and I think Pete is going to do that.” A group of students from College Democrats were also active in the campaign efforts. Club members helped with phone calls and door-to-door campaign visits. College Democrats president Mike O’Brien said Buttigieg visited club meetings on several occasions, including one of the club’s first meetings of the year, to talk about the November election. “Being the mayor is a tough job, but his demeanor is one that, as it showed tonight, attracted a lot of people,” O’Brien said. “He has a lot of energy.” O’Brien said Buttigieg’s character throughout the campaign was an example for his own goals in politics. “Sometimes people talk about connections or money being the key to getting into politics,” O’Brien said. “Pete shows that being really passionate and having a lot of energy is actually what matters … if you are passionate and willing to make a difference, that shows through in your demeanor.” Sophomore Maria Wilson, a College Democrats member, said she helped with canvasing efforts for the Buttigieg campaign. “I think it is important to foster a great relationship with the community, and I think Pete will be a great mayor,” Wilson said. Even though Wilson is a not a native of South Bend, she said local politics should still matter to students on campus. “I don’t think you can look at national politics or international politics if you don’t look at local politics too,” she said. “The local government affects us in our day-to-day lives.”last_img read more